More soldiers were
executed during the American Civil
War (1861–1865) than in all other American wars combined.
Approximately 500 men, representing both North and South, were shot or hanged
during the four-year conflict, two-thirds of them for desertion. The Confederate
Articles of War (1861) specified that "all officers
and soldiers who have received pay, or have been duly enlisted in the services
of the Confederate States, and shall be convicted of having deserted the same,
shall suffer death, or such. . .
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