The Paleoindian Period
(16,000–8000 BC) came toward the end of the Ice Age, a time when the climate warmed
and the largest mammals became extinct. Likely having originally migrated from Asia,
the first people in Virginia were hunter-gatherers who left behind lithic, or stone,
tools, often spearheads. At the Cactus
Hill Archaeological Site in Sussex County, these date back to 16,000 BC, or well before the
better-known Clovis culture. The so-called Paleoa. . .
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