John H. Aulick was a United States Navy officer whose appointment in 1851 to negotiate a
treaty with Japan ended with his being relieved of command and replaced by Commodore Matthew C. Perry. Born in
Winchester, Aulick was a veteran of the War of 1812, during which he was captured and later awarded a
congressional medal, and the Mexican War (1846–1848). In 1850, Aulick was given command of the East India
Squadron, and his suggestion of trade negotiations with Japan was approved by United States president Millard
Fillmo. . .
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