During the course of the American Civil War (1861–1865), more than 3,000 individual photographers
made war-related images. From Southerners' first pictures of Fort Sumter in April
1861 to Alexander Gardner's
images of Richmond's ruined
cityscape in April 1865, photographers covered nearly every major theater of military
operations. They documented battlefields, soldiers' activities and movements, and the
destructive effects the conflict had on civilians. V. . .
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