The Grand Fountain of the United Order of True Reformers was an African American fraternal organization that became the largest
and most successful black business enterprise in the United States between 1881 and 1910. William Washington Browne founded and organized the Grand Fountain in Richmond in January 1881. A former slave, veteran of the Union army during the American Civil War (1861–1865), teacher, and Methodist minister, Browne created the Grand Fountain with a renewed
purpose and energy out of the languishi. . .
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