Williamsburg was the capital
of the Virginia colony from
1699 until 1779. Plotted on land first used by Virginia Indians, it was settled by the English
during and just after the Second Anglo-Powhatan War (1622–1632) and called Middle Plantation, for its
location equidistant between the York and James rivers.
In subsequent years, wealth and political prestige gradually shifted upriver from the
first seat of English government, at Jamestown, and talk of movi. . .
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