The Colored Farmers' Alliance and Cooperative Union was probably the largest
organization of African Americans in nineteenth-century Virginia other than the loose
associations of Baptist
churches. It was also one of the shortest-lived. The alliance was founded in 1890 and
collapsed in 1892, a decade after the brief successes of the biracial Readjuster Party that had
united voters of both races and diverse political allegiances. The alliance came into
be. . .
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