Fort Monroe is a military
installation located in Hampton
Roads, Virginia, on the Peninsula overlooking the Chesapeake Bay. It was the
only federal military installation in the Upper South to remain under United States
control throughout the American Civil War (1861–1865). Early in the war, the fort
became an outpost of freedom within the Confederacy when Union commanders used it to
house refugee slaves. The fort also headquartered the Union Department of . . .
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