Media: Slideshow

Nineteenth-Century Richmond and Its Slave-Trading District

Plan of the City of Richmond Drawn from Actual Survey and Original Plans

This detailed 1835 plan of Richmond created by Micajah Bates, the surveyor of the city, includes a key at left to the location of the important sites and buildings in town—among them the Capitol, churches of various denominations, banks, tobacco inspection sites, hotels, taverns, marketplaces, theaters, and jails. At the far northern edge of the city, next to one another from left to right, are the city's poorhouse, a cemetery for Jews, a graveyard for "free people of colour," and a cemetery for slaves. The major commercial district in the city is clustered along the banks of the James River and around the Capitol.

Citation: Plan of the City of Richmond Drawn from Actual Survey and Original Plans. G3884 .R5 1835 .B37. Special Collections, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.

Original Author: Micajah Bates

Created: 1835

Medium: Map

Courtesy of University of Virginia Special Collections

Detail of Plan of the City of Richmond Drawn from Actual Survey and Original Plans

This detail from an 1835 plan of Richmond created by Micajah Bates, the surveyor of the city, shows the general area in which slave traders operated during the mid-nineteenth century. Traders operated within a block or two south of the Capitol (the greensward at left center) and as far north of the James River as Chestnut Alley and Venable Street, at upper right. However, most of the buildings involved in the slave business—including the slave-holding pen known as Lumpkin's Jail—were clustered along Wall Street. Though the name "Wall Street" does not appear on the map, it is identified here as "Birch Alley," a narrow lane that connects 15th Street—that runs north from the James River—to Broad Street, the wide avenue north of the Capitol.

Citation: Plan of the City of Richmond Drawn from Actual Survey and Original Plans. G3884 .R5 1835 .B37. Special Collections, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.

Original Author: Micajah Bates

Created: 1835

Medium: Map

Courtesy of University of Virginia Special Collections

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  • Plan of the City of Richmond Drawn from Actual Survey and Original Plans

    This detailed 1835 plan of Richmond created by Micajah Bates, the surveyor of the city, includes a key at left to the location of the important sites and buildings in town—among them the Capitol, churches of various denominations, banks, tobacco inspection sites, hotels, taverns, marketplaces, theaters, and jails. At the far northern edge of the city, next to one another from left to right, are the city's poorhouse, a cemetery for Jews, a graveyard for "free people of colour," and a cemetery for slaves. The major commercial district in the city is clustered along the banks of the James River and around the Capitol.

    Citation: Plan of the City of Richmond Drawn from Actual Survey and Original Plans. G3884 .R5 1835 .B37. Special Collections, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.

    Original Author: Micajah Bates

    Created: 1835

    Medium: Map

    Courtesy of University of Virginia Special Collections

  • Detail of Plan of the City of Richmond Drawn from Actual Survey and Original Plans

    This detail from an 1835 plan of Richmond created by Micajah Bates, the surveyor of the city, shows the general area in which slave traders operated during the mid-nineteenth century. Traders operated within a block or two south of the Capitol (the greensward at left center) and as far north of the James River as Chestnut Alley and Venable Street, at upper right. However, most of the buildings involved in the slave business—including the slave-holding pen known as Lumpkin's Jail—were clustered along Wall Street. Though the name "Wall Street" does not appear on the map, it is identified here as "Birch Alley," a narrow lane that connects 15th Street—that runs north from the James River—to Broad Street, the wide avenue north of the Capitol.

    Citation: Plan of the City of Richmond Drawn from Actual Survey and Original Plans. G3884 .R5 1835 .B37. Special Collections, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.

    Original Author: Micajah Bates

    Created: 1835

    Medium: Map

    Courtesy of University of Virginia Special Collections