Media: Slideshow

Appeals to Women About the Virginia Debt Controversy

Public Free Schools!

An 1882 broadside produced by the Readjuster Party (the party that worked to refinance—or "readjust"—the antebellum public debt) compares the number of public schools, students, and teachers under Readjuster rule versus the numbers when the Funders (the party that opposed any reduction of the state debt) were in control of the government.  According to this broadside, the numbers across the board plummeted during the Funders' regime, while there was a steady increase in schools for both white and African American students under Readjuster rule. "Let every Mother read," the broadside suggests, "and by the facts which these figures below establish, determine for herself who are the friends to the Children."

Original Author: Readjuster Party of Virginia

Created: 1882

Medium: Broadside

Courtesy of Library of Virginia

The Women's Association for the Liquidation of the State Debt.

An 1870 broadside from the Women's Association for the Liquidation of the State Debt proposes a tax increase for the citizens of Virginia—"an additional burden of 10 cents in the $100 worth of their taxable property"—to cover the state's debt obligations. Addressed "To the Daughters of Virginia," the document appeals to the state's "mothers, wives, daughters and sisters … [to] pledge ourselves, by economy and self-denial," to save enough to make up for the additional tax. Backing the post–Civil War Funders position on Virginia's debt, the women's association notes that financial obligations "are of the highest and most sacred character, and cannot be neglected or denied, either by individuals or nations, without the most ruinous consequences to character and to credit."

The group was seeking signatures for a tax–increase petition to be sent to the General Assembly. A note at the bottom of the broadside asks ministers to "place these petitions in the hands of the President of their Sewing Societies, or … other ladies of energy and influence"; local postmasters and banks to "put them in some conspicuous place, and call attention to them constantly"; and "ladies of every neighborhood [to] form themselves into working committees, that the country may be thoroughly canvassed and as many signatures obtained as possible."

Original Author: The Women's Association for the Liquidation of the State Debt

Created: 1870

Medium: Broadside

Courtesy of the Virginia Historical Society

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  • Public Free Schools!

    An 1882 broadside produced by the Readjuster Party (the party that worked to refinance—or "readjust"—the antebellum public debt) compares the number of public schools, students, and teachers under Readjuster rule versus the numbers when the Funders (the party that opposed any reduction of the state debt) were in control of the government.  According to this broadside, the numbers across the board plummeted during the Funders' regime, while there was a steady increase in schools for both white and African American students under Readjuster rule. "Let every Mother read," the broadside suggests, "and by the facts which these figures below establish, determine for herself who are the friends to the Children."

    Original Author: Readjuster Party of Virginia

    Created: 1882

    Medium: Broadside

    Courtesy of Library of Virginia

  • The Women's Association for the Liquidation of the State Debt.

    An 1870 broadside from the Women's Association for the Liquidation of the State Debt proposes a tax increase for the citizens of Virginia—"an additional burden of 10 cents in the $100 worth of their taxable property"—to cover the state's debt obligations. Addressed "To the Daughters of Virginia," the document appeals to the state's "mothers, wives, daughters and sisters … [to] pledge ourselves, by economy and self-denial," to save enough to make up for the additional tax. Backing the post–Civil War Funders position on Virginia's debt, the women's association notes that financial obligations "are of the highest and most sacred character, and cannot be neglected or denied, either by individuals or nations, without the most ruinous consequences to character and to credit."

    The group was seeking signatures for a tax–increase petition to be sent to the General Assembly. A note at the bottom of the broadside asks ministers to "place these petitions in the hands of the President of their Sewing Societies, or … other ladies of energy and influence"; local postmasters and banks to "put them in some conspicuous place, and call attention to them constantly"; and "ladies of every neighborhood [to] form themselves into working committees, that the country may be thoroughly canvassed and as many signatures obtained as possible."

    Original Author: The Women's Association for the Liquidation of the State Debt

    Created: 1870

    Medium: Broadside

    Courtesy of the Virginia Historical Society