Media: Slideshow

Constitutional Convention of 1900–1901

Virginia Constitutional Convention 1901–1902

This is the leather cover of a volume of photographs featuring the delegates to and officials of Virginia's Constitutional Convention of 1901–1902. The book features 111 portraits made by Foster's Photographic Gallery in Richmond. The name of Hill Carter, who represented Hanover County at the convention, is embossed on the bottom half of the cover; this book likely belonged to him.

Original Author: Foster's Photographic Gallery, Richmond

Created: ca. 1901–1902

Medium: Leather cover of photograph album

Courtesy of the Virginia Historical Society

Members and Officers of The Constitutional Convention of Virginia, Richmond—1901–'2

Individual portraits of the 100 delegates elected to the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1901–1902, the administrative staff for the convention, and members of the press covering the proceedings are arrayed around a photograph of the State Capitol in Richmond. This grouping was created by Foster's Photographic Gallery, which faced Capitol Square.

Original Author: Foster's Photographic Gallery, Richmond

Created: 1901

Medium: Collage of photographs

Courtesy of Library of Virginia

The Constitutional Convention. Help Save Our Public Schools.

A broadside produced by the Negro Educational and Industrial Association of Virginia urges citizens to attend a meeting at Richmond's Mount Zion Baptist Church on May 3, 1901, to discuss "the saving of our public schools and other matters of grave importance to be brought before the Constitutional Convention" of 1901–1902. The constitution that emerged from the convention effectively disfranchised most black voters and reaffirmed segregated public schooling. For decades after, there was an increasingly wide gap between expenditures for white and black schools in Virginia.

Original Author: Negro Educational and Industrial Association of Virginia

Created: 1901

Medium: Broadside

Courtesy of Library of Virginia

No White Man to Lose His Vote in Virginia.

In this 1901 broadside, Democratic leaders reassure white men in Virginia that proposed amendments to the state constitution will not strip them of their voting rights. The Constitutional Convention of 1901–1902 produced the Constitution of 1902 and is an important example of post-Reconstruction efforts to restore white supremacy in the American South by disfranchising large numbers of blacks. The convention was dominated by Democrats, including state party chairman, J. Taylor Ellyson; the convention's president, John Goode; and the party's gubernatorial candidate, Andrew J. Montague, all of whom are quoted here. Goode emphasized that the party "is pledged in its platform to eliminate the ignorant and worthless negro as a factor from the politics of this State without taking the right of suffrage from a single white man." Despite such assurances, many working-class whites were effectively disfranchised by the Constitution of 1902.

Original Author: J. Taylor Ellyson, John Goode, A. J. Montague

Created: 1901

Medium: Broadside

Courtesy of University of Virginia Special Collections

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  • Virginia Constitutional Convention 1901–1902

    This is the leather cover of a volume of photographs featuring the delegates to and officials of Virginia's Constitutional Convention of 1901–1902. The book features 111 portraits made by Foster's Photographic Gallery in Richmond. The name of Hill Carter, who represented Hanover County at the convention, is embossed on the bottom half of the cover; this book likely belonged to him.

    Original Author: Foster's Photographic Gallery, Richmond

    Created: ca. 1901–1902

    Medium: Leather cover of photograph album

    Courtesy of the Virginia Historical Society

  • Members and Officers of The Constitutional Convention of Virginia, Richmond—1901–'2

    Individual portraits of the 100 delegates elected to the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1901–1902, the administrative staff for the convention, and members of the press covering the proceedings are arrayed around a photograph of the State Capitol in Richmond. This grouping was created by Foster's Photographic Gallery, which faced Capitol Square.

    Original Author: Foster's Photographic Gallery, Richmond

    Created: 1901

    Medium: Collage of photographs

    Courtesy of Library of Virginia

  • The Constitutional Convention. Help Save Our Public Schools.

    A broadside produced by the Negro Educational and Industrial Association of Virginia urges citizens to attend a meeting at Richmond's Mount Zion Baptist Church on May 3, 1901, to discuss "the saving of our public schools and other matters of grave importance to be brought before the Constitutional Convention" of 1901–1902. The constitution that emerged from the convention effectively disfranchised most black voters and reaffirmed segregated public schooling. For decades after, there was an increasingly wide gap between expenditures for white and black schools in Virginia.

    Original Author: Negro Educational and Industrial Association of Virginia

    Created: 1901

    Medium: Broadside

    Courtesy of Library of Virginia

  • No White Man to Lose His Vote in Virginia.

    In this 1901 broadside, Democratic leaders reassure white men in Virginia that proposed amendments to the state constitution will not strip them of their voting rights. The Constitutional Convention of 1901–1902 produced the Constitution of 1902 and is an important example of post-Reconstruction efforts to restore white supremacy in the American South by disfranchising large numbers of blacks. The convention was dominated by Democrats, including state party chairman, J. Taylor Ellyson; the convention's president, John Goode; and the party's gubernatorial candidate, Andrew J. Montague, all of whom are quoted here. Goode emphasized that the party "is pledged in its platform to eliminate the ignorant and worthless negro as a factor from the politics of this State without taking the right of suffrage from a single white man." Despite such assurances, many working-class whites were effectively disfranchised by the Constitution of 1902.

    Original Author: J. Taylor Ellyson, John Goode, A. J. Montague

    Created: 1901

    Medium: Broadside

    Courtesy of University of Virginia Special Collections