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Patrick Gass's Personal Journal of the Lewis and Clark Expedition

A Canoe striking on a Tree.

The second edition of Patrick Gass's A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery, Under the Command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clarke of the Army of the United States, From the Mouth of the River Missouri Through the Interior Parts of North America to the Pacific Ocean, During the Years 1804, 1805 and 1806 (1810) includes six engraved scenes from the Lewis and Clark Expedition, including this depiction of an event that took place on May 30, 1806. While crossing a river, two expedition members in a canoe struck a tree that was protruding into the water. The boat sank and three blankets were lost. Most of the men had only brought along a single blanket for the trip; thus, the loss of blankets was considered a great blow. 

Gass served as a sergeant in the Lewis and Clark Expedition and kept a personal journal during their travels. This edition of his journal was printed by Mathew Carey of Philadelphia. The first edition of Gass's work, published in 1807, did not include any illustrations. Gass may have created the drawings himself, or he may have consulted with another artist. This image was used as the frontispiece of the book. (The page number shown on the upper right refers to the page in the text where the event is described.) Gass's journal was the first such account published about the expedition; in it, he coined the term "Corps of Discovery."

Original Author: Perhaps Patrick Gass

Created: 1810

Medium: Engraved frontispiece

Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

Captains Lewis & Clark holding a Council with the Indians

The second edition of Patrick Gass's A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery, Under the Command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clarke of the Army of the United States, From the Mouth of the River Missouri Through the Interior Parts of North America to the Pacific Ocean, During the Years 1804, 1805 and 1806 (1810) includes six engraved scenes from the Lewis and Clark Expedition, including this depiction of a formal meeting with Indians that took place in present-day Nebraska on August 3, 1804. Gass, who served as a sergeant in the expedition and kept a personal journal during their travels, wrote of this encounter, "Captain Lewis and Captain Clarke held a council with the Indians, who appeared well pleased with the change of government, and what had been done for them. Six of them were made chiefs, three Otos and three Missouris."

This edition of Gass's journal was printed by Mathew Carey of Philadelphia. The first edition, published in 1807, did not include any illustrations. Gass may have created the drawings himself, or he may have consulted with another artist. Gass's journal was the first such account published about the expedition; in it, he coined the term "Corps of Discovery."

Original Author: Perhaps Patrick Gass

Created: 1810

Medium: Engraving

Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

Captain Clark & his men building a line of Huts.

The second edition of Patrick Gass's A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery, Under the Command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clarke of the Army of the United States, From the Mouth of the River Missouri Through the Interior Parts of North America to the Pacific Ocean, During the Years 1804, 1805 and 1806 (1810) includes six engraved scenes from the Lewis and Clark Expedition, including this depiction of activity that took place in November 1804. The men are portrayed building a winter encampment near the Mandan Indian villages in present-day North Dakota.

Gass served as a sergeant in the expedition and kept a personal journal during their travels. This edition of his journal was printed by Mathew Carey of Philadelphia. The first edition of Gass's work, published in 1807, did not include any illustrations. Gass may have created the drawings himself, or he may have consulted with another artist. Gass's journal was the first such account published about the expedition; in it, he coined the term "Corps of Discovery."

Original Author: Perhaps Patrick Gass

Created: 1810

Medium: Engraving

Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

Captain Clark and his men shooting Bears.

The second edition of Patrick Gass's A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery, Under the Command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clarke of the Army of the United States, From the Mouth of the River Missouri Through the Interior Parts of North America to the Pacific Ocean, During the Years 1804, 1805 and 1806 (1810) includes six engraved scenes from the Lewis and Clark Expedition, including this depiction of an event that took place on June 4, 1805. One of the expedition members, scouting ahead for a place to camp for the night, was attacked by a bear. When his gun misfired, William Clark and a few other explorers, who were atop a bluff about 200 yards away, took aim at the bears and drove them away.

Gass served as a sergeant during the expedition and kept a personal journal during their travels. This edition of his journal was printed by Mathew Carey of Philadelphia. The first edition published in 1807 did not include any illustrations. Gass may have created the drawings himself, or he may have consulted with another artist. Gass's journal was the first such account published about the expedition; in it, he coined the term "Corps of Discovery."

Original Author: Perhaps Patrick Gass

Created: 1810

Medium: Engraving

Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

An American having struck a Bear but not killed him, escapes into a Tree.

The second edition of Patrick Gass's A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery, Under the Command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clarke of the Army of the United States, From the Mouth of the River Missouri Through the Interior Parts of North America to the Pacific Ocean, During the Years 1804, 1805 and 1806 (1810) includes six engraved scenes from the Lewis and Clark Expedition. This depicts an event that took place on July 15, 1806. An expedition member, alone in the wilderness, encountered a white bear and was thrown by his horse. The man stunned the bear by hitting him with his gun—breaking the gun in the process—and then clambered up a tree. The man remained there for three hours while the bear stood vigil below. When the animal finally wandered off, the man headed back to camp. Gass, who served as a sergeant in expedition and kept a personal journal during their travels, wrote: "These bears are very numerous in this part of the country and very dangerous, as they will attack a man every opportunity."

This edition of the journal was printed by Mathew Carey of Philadelphia. The first edition of Gass's work, published in 1807, did not include any illustrations. Gass may have created the drawings himself, or he may have consulted with another artist. Gass's journal was the first such account published about the expedition; in it, he coined the term "Corps of Discovery."

Original Author: Perhaps Patrick Gass

Created: 1810

Medium: Engraving

Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

Captain Lewis shooting an Indian.

The second edition of Patrick Gass's A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery, Under the Command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clarke of the Army of the United States, From the Mouth of the River Missouri Through the Interior Parts of North America to the Pacific Ocean, During the Years 1804, 1805 and 1806 (1810), includes six engraved scenes from the Lewis and Clark Expedition. This engraving depicts an event that took place on July 27, 1806. While exploring an area north of the Missouri River, expedition commander Meriwether Lewis traded with a party of Indians who attempted to steal the group's rifles and horses the following morning. A skirmish ensued, and Lewis shot one of the Indians.

Gass served as a sergeant in the Lewis and Clark Expedition and kept a personal journal during their travels. This edition of his journal was printed by Mathew Carey of Philadelphia. The first edition of Gass's work, published in 1807, did not include any illustrations. Gass may have created the drawings himself, or he may have consulted with another artist. Gass's journal was the first such account published about the expedition; in it, he coined the term "Corps of Discovery."

Original Author: Perhaps Patrick Gass

Created: 1810

Medium: Engraving

Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

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  • A Canoe striking on a Tree.

    The second edition of Patrick Gass's A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery, Under the Command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clarke of the Army of the United States, From the Mouth of the River Missouri Through the Interior Parts of North America to the Pacific Ocean, During the Years 1804, 1805 and 1806 (1810) includes six engraved scenes from the Lewis and Clark Expedition, including this depiction of an event that took place on May 30, 1806. While crossing a river, two expedition members in a canoe struck a tree that was protruding into the water. The boat sank and three blankets were lost. Most of the men had only brought along a single blanket for the trip; thus, the loss of blankets was considered a great blow. 

    Gass served as a sergeant in the Lewis and Clark Expedition and kept a personal journal during their travels. This edition of his journal was printed by Mathew Carey of Philadelphia. The first edition of Gass's work, published in 1807, did not include any illustrations. Gass may have created the drawings himself, or he may have consulted with another artist. This image was used as the frontispiece of the book. (The page number shown on the upper right refers to the page in the text where the event is described.) Gass's journal was the first such account published about the expedition; in it, he coined the term "Corps of Discovery."

    Original Author: Perhaps Patrick Gass

    Created: 1810

    Medium: Engraved frontispiece

    Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

  • Captains Lewis & Clark holding a Council with the Indians

    The second edition of Patrick Gass's A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery, Under the Command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clarke of the Army of the United States, From the Mouth of the River Missouri Through the Interior Parts of North America to the Pacific Ocean, During the Years 1804, 1805 and 1806 (1810) includes six engraved scenes from the Lewis and Clark Expedition, including this depiction of a formal meeting with Indians that took place in present-day Nebraska on August 3, 1804. Gass, who served as a sergeant in the expedition and kept a personal journal during their travels, wrote of this encounter, "Captain Lewis and Captain Clarke held a council with the Indians, who appeared well pleased with the change of government, and what had been done for them. Six of them were made chiefs, three Otos and three Missouris."

    This edition of Gass's journal was printed by Mathew Carey of Philadelphia. The first edition, published in 1807, did not include any illustrations. Gass may have created the drawings himself, or he may have consulted with another artist. Gass's journal was the first such account published about the expedition; in it, he coined the term "Corps of Discovery."

    Original Author: Perhaps Patrick Gass

    Created: 1810

    Medium: Engraving

    Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

  • Captain Clark & his men building a line of Huts.

    The second edition of Patrick Gass's A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery, Under the Command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clarke of the Army of the United States, From the Mouth of the River Missouri Through the Interior Parts of North America to the Pacific Ocean, During the Years 1804, 1805 and 1806 (1810) includes six engraved scenes from the Lewis and Clark Expedition, including this depiction of activity that took place in November 1804. The men are portrayed building a winter encampment near the Mandan Indian villages in present-day North Dakota.

    Gass served as a sergeant in the expedition and kept a personal journal during their travels. This edition of his journal was printed by Mathew Carey of Philadelphia. The first edition of Gass's work, published in 1807, did not include any illustrations. Gass may have created the drawings himself, or he may have consulted with another artist. Gass's journal was the first such account published about the expedition; in it, he coined the term "Corps of Discovery."

    Original Author: Perhaps Patrick Gass

    Created: 1810

    Medium: Engraving

    Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

  • Captain Clark and his men shooting Bears.

    The second edition of Patrick Gass's A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery, Under the Command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clarke of the Army of the United States, From the Mouth of the River Missouri Through the Interior Parts of North America to the Pacific Ocean, During the Years 1804, 1805 and 1806 (1810) includes six engraved scenes from the Lewis and Clark Expedition, including this depiction of an event that took place on June 4, 1805. One of the expedition members, scouting ahead for a place to camp for the night, was attacked by a bear. When his gun misfired, William Clark and a few other explorers, who were atop a bluff about 200 yards away, took aim at the bears and drove them away.

    Gass served as a sergeant during the expedition and kept a personal journal during their travels. This edition of his journal was printed by Mathew Carey of Philadelphia. The first edition published in 1807 did not include any illustrations. Gass may have created the drawings himself, or he may have consulted with another artist. Gass's journal was the first such account published about the expedition; in it, he coined the term "Corps of Discovery."

    Original Author: Perhaps Patrick Gass

    Created: 1810

    Medium: Engraving

    Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

  • An American having struck a Bear but not killed him, escapes into a Tree.

    The second edition of Patrick Gass's A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery, Under the Command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clarke of the Army of the United States, From the Mouth of the River Missouri Through the Interior Parts of North America to the Pacific Ocean, During the Years 1804, 1805 and 1806 (1810) includes six engraved scenes from the Lewis and Clark Expedition. This depicts an event that took place on July 15, 1806. An expedition member, alone in the wilderness, encountered a white bear and was thrown by his horse. The man stunned the bear by hitting him with his gun—breaking the gun in the process—and then clambered up a tree. The man remained there for three hours while the bear stood vigil below. When the animal finally wandered off, the man headed back to camp. Gass, who served as a sergeant in expedition and kept a personal journal during their travels, wrote: "These bears are very numerous in this part of the country and very dangerous, as they will attack a man every opportunity."

    This edition of the journal was printed by Mathew Carey of Philadelphia. The first edition of Gass's work, published in 1807, did not include any illustrations. Gass may have created the drawings himself, or he may have consulted with another artist. Gass's journal was the first such account published about the expedition; in it, he coined the term "Corps of Discovery."

    Original Author: Perhaps Patrick Gass

    Created: 1810

    Medium: Engraving

    Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.

  • Captain Lewis shooting an Indian.

    The second edition of Patrick Gass's A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery, Under the Command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clarke of the Army of the United States, From the Mouth of the River Missouri Through the Interior Parts of North America to the Pacific Ocean, During the Years 1804, 1805 and 1806 (1810), includes six engraved scenes from the Lewis and Clark Expedition. This engraving depicts an event that took place on July 27, 1806. While exploring an area north of the Missouri River, expedition commander Meriwether Lewis traded with a party of Indians who attempted to steal the group's rifles and horses the following morning. A skirmish ensued, and Lewis shot one of the Indians.

    Gass served as a sergeant in the Lewis and Clark Expedition and kept a personal journal during their travels. This edition of his journal was printed by Mathew Carey of Philadelphia. The first edition of Gass's work, published in 1807, did not include any illustrations. Gass may have created the drawings himself, or he may have consulted with another artist. Gass's journal was the first such account published about the expedition; in it, he coined the term "Corps of Discovery."

    Original Author: Perhaps Patrick Gass

    Created: 1810

    Medium: Engraving

    Courtesy of Special Collections, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville, Va.