Media: Slideshow

Domestic Slave Trade

Slave Pen in Alexandria, Virginia

A Civil War–era photograph by Andrew J. Russell shows Union soldiers and other men posing in front of a building in occupied Alexandria where the slave dealers Price, Birch & Co. once operated. (Before that, the premises were owned by the slave-trading firm Franklin & Armfield.) The Union army used the former slave jail to house Confederate prisoners.

Original Author: Andrew J. Russell

Created: Between 1862 and 1865

Medium: Albumen print

Courtesy of Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division

Woman in Front of Slave Pen

An African American woman, probably a former slave, poses in front of a slave pen in Alexandria. Slave traders in the Upper South held African Americans in "slave pens" or "jails" such as this one, until the enslaved were sold and then shipped or marched farther south, where many would be sold yet again. Union soldiers, who took over Alexandria in 1862, peer out from behind the barred door. This image was taken by an unknown photographer in the 1860s.

Original Author: Unknown

Created: Between 1862 and 1869

Medium: Wet collodion glass-plate negative; one half of stereograph

Courtesy of Library of Congress

Slave Auction House

An African American soldier, his rifle at his side, sits in front of a slave auction house on Whitehall Street in Atlanta, Georgia. This photograph by George N. Barnard was taken between September and November of 1864, when Union troops under Major General William T. Sherman occupied Atlanta.

Original Author: George N. Barnard

Created: Between September and November 1864

Medium: Wet collodion glass-plate negative; one half of stereograph

Courtesy of Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division

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  • Slave Pen in Alexandria, Virginia

    A Civil War–era photograph by Andrew J. Russell shows Union soldiers and other men posing in front of a building in occupied Alexandria where the slave dealers Price, Birch & Co. once operated. (Before that, the premises were owned by the slave-trading firm Franklin & Armfield.) The Union army used the former slave jail to house Confederate prisoners.

    Original Author: Andrew J. Russell

    Created: Between 1862 and 1865

    Medium: Albumen print

    Courtesy of Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division

  • Woman in Front of Slave Pen

    An African American woman, probably a former slave, poses in front of a slave pen in Alexandria. Slave traders in the Upper South held African Americans in "slave pens" or "jails" such as this one, until the enslaved were sold and then shipped or marched farther south, where many would be sold yet again. Union soldiers, who took over Alexandria in 1862, peer out from behind the barred door. This image was taken by an unknown photographer in the 1860s.

    Original Author: Unknown

    Created: Between 1862 and 1869

    Medium: Wet collodion glass-plate negative; one half of stereograph

    Courtesy of Library of Congress

  • Slave Auction House

    An African American soldier, his rifle at his side, sits in front of a slave auction house on Whitehall Street in Atlanta, Georgia. This photograph by George N. Barnard was taken between September and November of 1864, when Union troops under Major General William T. Sherman occupied Atlanta.

    Original Author: George N. Barnard

    Created: Between September and November 1864

    Medium: Wet collodion glass-plate negative; one half of stereograph

    Courtesy of Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division