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Burned District in Richmond

Burned District in Richmond

In the midst of evacuating Richmond to Union forces on April 3, 1865, Confederate soldiers set fire to tobacco warehouses and the conflagration spread throughout the commercial heart of the city, leaving nine-tenths of the business district in ruins. The so-called Burned District was chronicled in dramatic images made by Union photographers eager to capture the devastation, and to give a graphic representation of the punishment being endured by the defeated foe. (The irony was that the fires were started by the Confederates themselves, and it was the Union soldiers who contained the blaze.)

This series of images show the ravages of war: the shells of buildings just beneath the neoclassical Virginia Capitol, which was spared from the flames; the rubble surrounding the façade of the Exchange Bank on Main Street; the piles of solid shot and canister littering the arsenal grounds; the ruins of the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad depot and the destruction of one its locomotives; and the ghostly scene of women in mourning clothes walking amidst the carnage.

Original Author: Hathaway

Created: April 1865

Medium: Photographic print

Courtesy of the Library of Virginia

The Exchange Bank Amid Rubble

The Exchange Bank on Main Street, Richmond, stands in ruins in the aftermath of the city's fall at the end of the Civil War. While evacuating on April 3, 1865, Confederate soldiers set fire to tobacco warehouses and the conflagration spread throughout the commercial heart of Richmond, leaving a large swath of the business district in ruins. The so-called Burned District was chronicled in dramatic images made by Northern photographers eager to capture the devastation, and to give a graphic representation of the punishment being endured by the defeated foe. Ironically, Confederates actually started the fires and Union soldiers contained the blaze.

Original Author: Unknown

Created: April 1865

Medium: Wet collodion glass-plate negative; one half of stereograph

Courtesy of Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division

The arsenal grounds in Richmond

In the midst of evacuating Richmond to Union forces on April 3, 1865, Confederate soldiers set fire to tobacco warehouses and the conflagration spread throughout the commercial heart of the city, leaving nine-tenths of the business district in ruins. The so-called Burned District was chronicled in dramatic images made by northern photographers eager to capture the devastation, and to give a graphic representation of the punishment being endured by the defeated foe. (The irony was that the fires were started by the Confederates themselves, and it was the Union soldiers who contained the blaze.)

This series of images show the ravages of war: the shells of buildings just beneath the neoclassical Virginia Capitol, which was spared from the flames; the rubble surrounding the façade of the Exchange Bank on Main Street; the piles of solid shot and canister littering the arsenal grounds; the ruins of the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad depot and the destruction of one its locomotives; and the ghostly scene of women in mourning clothes walking amidst the carnage.

Original Author: Alexander Gardner

Created: 1865

Medium: Wet collodion glass-plate negative; one half of stereograph

Courtesy of Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division

Richmond & Petersburg Railroad Depot

In the midst of evacuating Richmond to Union forces on April 3, 1865, Confederate soldiers set fire to tobacco warehouses and the conflagration spread throughout the commercial heart of the city, leaving nine-tenths of the business district in ruins. The so-called Burned District was chronicled in dramatic images made by northern photographers eager to capture the devastation, and to give a graphic representation of the punishment being endured by the defeated foe. (The irony was that the fires were started by the Confederates themselves, and it was the Union soldiers who contained the blaze.)

This series of images show the ravages of war: the shells of buildings just beneath the neoclassical Virginia Capitol, which was spared from the flames; the rubble surrounding the façade of the Exchange Bank on Main Street; the piles of solid shot and canister littering the arsenal grounds; the ruins of the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad depot and the destruction of one its locomotives; and the ghostly scene of women in mourning clothes walking amidst the carnage.

Original Author: Unknown

Created: April 1865

Medium: Wet collodion glass-plate negative; one half of stereograph

Courtesy of Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division

Richmond & Petersburg Railroad locomotive

Caption from negative sleeve: Richmond, Va., April 1865, Destroyed R & P Locomotive

Original Author: Unknown

Created: April 1865

Medium: Wet collodion glass-plate negative; one half of stereograph

Courtesy of Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division

Women amidst destruction in Richmond, Virginia

In the midst of evacuating Richmond to Union forces on April 3, 1865, Confederate soldiers set fire to tobacco warehouses and the conflagration spread throughout the commercial heart of the city, leaving nine-tenths of the business district in ruins. The so-called Burned District was chronicled in dramatic images made by northern photographers eager to capture the devastation, and to give a graphic representation of the punishment being endured by the defeated foe. (The irony was that the fires were started by the Confederates themselves, and it was the Union soldiers who contained the blaze.)

This series of images show the ravages of war: the shells of buildings just beneath the neoclassical Virginia Capitol, which was spared from the flames; the rubble surrounding the façade of the Exchange Bank on Main Street; the piles of solid shot and canister littering the arsenal grounds; the ruins of the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad depot and the destruction of one its locomotives; and the ghostly scene of women in mourning clothes walking amidst the carnage.

Original Author: Alexander Gardner

Created: April 1865

Medium: Wet collodion glass-plate negative; stereograph

Courtesy of Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division

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  • Burned District in Richmond

    In the midst of evacuating Richmond to Union forces on April 3, 1865, Confederate soldiers set fire to tobacco warehouses and the conflagration spread throughout the commercial heart of the city, leaving nine-tenths of the business district in ruins. The so-called Burned District was chronicled in dramatic images made by Union photographers eager to capture the devastation, and to give a graphic representation of the punishment being endured by the defeated foe. (The irony was that the fires were started by the Confederates themselves, and it was the Union soldiers who contained the blaze.)

    This series of images show the ravages of war: the shells of buildings just beneath the neoclassical Virginia Capitol, which was spared from the flames; the rubble surrounding the façade of the Exchange Bank on Main Street; the piles of solid shot and canister littering the arsenal grounds; the ruins of the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad depot and the destruction of one its locomotives; and the ghostly scene of women in mourning clothes walking amidst the carnage.

    Original Author: Hathaway

    Created: April 1865

    Medium: Photographic print

    Courtesy of the Library of Virginia

  • The Exchange Bank Amid Rubble

    The Exchange Bank on Main Street, Richmond, stands in ruins in the aftermath of the city's fall at the end of the Civil War. While evacuating on April 3, 1865, Confederate soldiers set fire to tobacco warehouses and the conflagration spread throughout the commercial heart of Richmond, leaving a large swath of the business district in ruins. The so-called Burned District was chronicled in dramatic images made by Northern photographers eager to capture the devastation, and to give a graphic representation of the punishment being endured by the defeated foe. Ironically, Confederates actually started the fires and Union soldiers contained the blaze.

    Original Author: Unknown

    Created: April 1865

    Medium: Wet collodion glass-plate negative; one half of stereograph

    Courtesy of Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division

  • The arsenal grounds in Richmond

    In the midst of evacuating Richmond to Union forces on April 3, 1865, Confederate soldiers set fire to tobacco warehouses and the conflagration spread throughout the commercial heart of the city, leaving nine-tenths of the business district in ruins. The so-called Burned District was chronicled in dramatic images made by northern photographers eager to capture the devastation, and to give a graphic representation of the punishment being endured by the defeated foe. (The irony was that the fires were started by the Confederates themselves, and it was the Union soldiers who contained the blaze.)

    This series of images show the ravages of war: the shells of buildings just beneath the neoclassical Virginia Capitol, which was spared from the flames; the rubble surrounding the façade of the Exchange Bank on Main Street; the piles of solid shot and canister littering the arsenal grounds; the ruins of the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad depot and the destruction of one its locomotives; and the ghostly scene of women in mourning clothes walking amidst the carnage.

    Original Author: Alexander Gardner

    Created: 1865

    Medium: Wet collodion glass-plate negative; one half of stereograph

    Courtesy of Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division

  • Richmond & Petersburg Railroad Depot

    In the midst of evacuating Richmond to Union forces on April 3, 1865, Confederate soldiers set fire to tobacco warehouses and the conflagration spread throughout the commercial heart of the city, leaving nine-tenths of the business district in ruins. The so-called Burned District was chronicled in dramatic images made by northern photographers eager to capture the devastation, and to give a graphic representation of the punishment being endured by the defeated foe. (The irony was that the fires were started by the Confederates themselves, and it was the Union soldiers who contained the blaze.)

    This series of images show the ravages of war: the shells of buildings just beneath the neoclassical Virginia Capitol, which was spared from the flames; the rubble surrounding the façade of the Exchange Bank on Main Street; the piles of solid shot and canister littering the arsenal grounds; the ruins of the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad depot and the destruction of one its locomotives; and the ghostly scene of women in mourning clothes walking amidst the carnage.

    Original Author: Unknown

    Created: April 1865

    Medium: Wet collodion glass-plate negative; one half of stereograph

    Courtesy of Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division

  • Women amidst destruction in Richmond, Virginia

    In the midst of evacuating Richmond to Union forces on April 3, 1865, Confederate soldiers set fire to tobacco warehouses and the conflagration spread throughout the commercial heart of the city, leaving nine-tenths of the business district in ruins. The so-called Burned District was chronicled in dramatic images made by northern photographers eager to capture the devastation, and to give a graphic representation of the punishment being endured by the defeated foe. (The irony was that the fires were started by the Confederates themselves, and it was the Union soldiers who contained the blaze.)

    This series of images show the ravages of war: the shells of buildings just beneath the neoclassical Virginia Capitol, which was spared from the flames; the rubble surrounding the façade of the Exchange Bank on Main Street; the piles of solid shot and canister littering the arsenal grounds; the ruins of the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad depot and the destruction of one its locomotives; and the ghostly scene of women in mourning clothes walking amidst the carnage.

    Original Author: Alexander Gardner

    Created: April 1865

    Medium: Wet collodion glass-plate negative; stereograph

    Courtesy of Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division