Stampede Among the Negroes in Virginia—Their Arrival at Fortress Monroe.
Wood engravings in the June 8, 1861, edition of Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper depict scenes of enslaved men, women, and children at Fort Monroe, a military installation in Hampton Roads that was under Union control and became a refuge for escaped slaves. In the central image, the runaway slaves pass over the drawbridge to the main entrance that is guarded by sentinels. Slaves are shown at bottom left fleeing through the woods, and at center top, approaching Union soldiers at night. Two slaveholders' attempts to reclaim their slaves are rebuffed by a soldier, at upper right, and by Union general Benjamin F. Butler, at upper left. The remaining panels show slaves being mustered into Union service, at center left, preparing food and "making themselves generally useful," at center right, and digging trenches near the fort, at bottom right.