Negros Belonging to George Washington in his own right and by Marriage
In 1799 George Washington compiled this census of the slaves at Mount Vernon. He listed the enslaved people he owned outright under "G.W."; those that had come to the plantation upon his marriage to Martha Dandridge Custis were listed under "Dower." Though Washington had control of the dower slaves during his lifetime, they were legally owned by the Custis estate. This list, which Washington compiled about the time he was preparing his will, notes the occupation of each slave and whether he or she was married.