Home of a Rebel Sharpshooter, Gettysburg, July, 1863
A photograph taken on July 6, 1863, by Timothy H. O'Sullivan depicts a dead Confederate soldier at the Devil's Den, a strategic stone wall manned by sharpshooters during the Battle of Gettysburg. The battle took place from July 1 to 3, 1863, and O'Sullivan photographed the aftermath. In order to create as dramatic a photograph as possible, O'Sullivan moved this dead soldier—who originally laid some forty yards away—placed him next to the wall, put a backpack under his head, and propped a rifle near him. The photographic historian William A. Frassanito deduced that the scene had been staged from a number of clues, among them the fact that the type of rifle pictured was not used by sharpshooters.
This photograph, published in Gardner's Photographic Sketchbook of the American Civil War (1866) and titled "Home of a Rebel Sharpshooter, Gettysburg, July, 1863," became one of the iconic images of the war.