Virginia Bill of Rights (1864)
This handwritten parchment document is the first page of the Virginia Bill of Rights adopted on March 14, 1864, by the delegates to the Virginia Convention held in Alexandria. The original Bill of Rights, drafted by George Mason, had remained largely unchanged since 1776. As this document notes, "The delaration as it passed was adopted without alteration by the Convention of 1829–30, and re-adopted with amendments by the Convention of 1850–51. The Convention which assembled at Alexandria on the 13th day of February, 1864, made no change in the bill of rights." The declaration of rights begins, "That all men are by nature equally free and independent, and have certain inherent rights."