Thomas Jefferson, President of the United States.
This engraving of Thomas Jefferson, published in Philadelphia on July 4, 1801, depicts the recently elected third president of the United States as an intellectual and a man of science. Jefferson, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence, points to a copy of the document on a table at left. A bust of Benjamin Franklin and a stack of books also sit on the table; on the right is a single-disc electrostatic generator—a type of electrical machine that Jefferson owned—and a globe that rests on the floor. Jefferson's figure is based on a oil portrait made by Rembrandt Peale the previous year.