John C. Calhoun
John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina, sits for a portrait by George Peter Alexander Healy in 1844. After the sittings, Healy created five renderings, and Calhoun kept this version for himself. Over a nearly forty-year political career, Calhoun served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1811–1817), the U.S. secretary of war (1817–1825), a U.S. senator (1832–1843, 1845–1850), the U.S. secretary of state (1844–1845), and the U.S. vice president (1825–1832). Calhoun was an ardent supporter of states' rights and slavery.