Native Life in Virginia
Virginia flora, fauna, and Indian life are portrayed in this detail from an engraving made from an original mid-18th-century copperplate. The so-called "Bodleian Plate," once part of the vast collection at the Bodleian Library at Oxford University, was probably one of a series of copperplates created to illustrate The History of the Dividing Line, an account by Virginia planter William Byrd II of the expedition he led in 1728–1729 to establish the boundary between Carolina and Virginia. In his book Byrd described the flora and fauna, as well as the Indians he encountered. The Indian woman (at right) carries an infant on a cradleboard that is more board than cradle, in keeping with the local custom.