Union Retreat at First Manassas
Panicked teamsters, civilians, and soldiers under Union general Irvin McDowell turn the retreat from the First Battle of Manassas (also known as the Battle of Bull Run) into a "General Stampede" according to the caption beneath the print. The first major engagement in the Civil War, the battle took place on July 21, 1861. In the background, a division under Union colonel Nelson A. Miles takes a stand against pursuing Confederates to help shield the retreating army. The New York City publisher J. Howard Brown Company copyrighted this image in 1884 and was offering it, along with five other prints, as a premium for purchasing the book titled The Soldier in Our Civil War.