The Trail of the Lonesome Pine
The Trail of the Lonesome Pine, which examined the impact of the coal industry on Appalachia and the boom-and-bust cycle of the period, was the second best seller by John Fox Jr. The novel's central love story, between a mountain girl and a flatland man, takes place in Big Stone Gap, a setting of lawless feuding and tensions resulting from the intense (and ultimately unsuccessful) outside investment in industry, of which Fox himself had been a part. With an advance sale of 100,000, The Trail of Lonesome Pine eventually sold two million copies. It was adapted for the stage and produced at the New Amsterdam Theater in New York in 1912. Cecil B. DeMille wrote, directed, and produced a film version in 1916, while other versions appeared in 1914, 1923, and 1936. An outdoor drama adaptation of the novel has appeared every summer since 1964 in the town of Big Stone Gap.