Encyclopedia Virginia: Military http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/img/EV_Logo_sm.gif Encyclopedia Virginia This is the url http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org The first and ultimate online reference work about the Commonwealth /Arlington_House Wed, 15 Mar 2017 10:25:18 EST Arlington House http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Arlington_House Arlington House, also known as the Lee-Custis Mansion, overlooks Washington, D.C., from a rise across the Potomac River in Arlington, Virginia. Constructed between 1802 and 1818, it was one of the earliest and boldest expressions of the Greek Revival architectural style in America. Arlington House claims special historical significance through its association with the Washington and Custis families, and particularly with Robert E. Lee. After his family's departure in 1861 at the start of the American Civil War (1861–1865), Arlington House became a Union army facility. In 1863 the United States government established a Freedmen's Village on the property that was intended to serve as a model community for African Americans freed by the 1862 abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia and the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation. Its location, meanwhile, was a striking reminder that Arlington had once been a slave labor–based plantation. In 1864 the federal government officially appropriated the grounds and there established Arlington National Cemetery, which continues to serve as a final resting place for members of the United States armed forces.
Wed, 15 Mar 2017 10:25:18 EST]]>
/Burnham_Horace_Blois_1824-1894 Tue, 07 Feb 2017 11:00:16 EST <![CDATA[Burnham, Horace B. (1824–1894)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Burnham_Horace_Blois_1824-1894 Tue, 07 Feb 2017 11:00:16 EST]]> /Letter_from_Fielding_Lewis_to_George_Washington_March_6_1776 Mon, 21 Nov 2016 15:40:50 EST <![CDATA[Letter from Fielding Lewis to George Washington (March 6, 1776)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Letter_from_Fielding_Lewis_to_George_Washington_March_6_1776 Mon, 21 Nov 2016 15:40:50 EST]]> /Letter_from_Fielding_Lewis_to_George_Washington_November_14_1775 Mon, 21 Nov 2016 15:21:11 EST <![CDATA[Letter from Fielding Lewis to George Washington (November 14, 1775)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Letter_from_Fielding_Lewis_to_George_Washington_November_14_1775 Mon, 21 Nov 2016 15:21:11 EST]]> /Letter_from_Fielding_Lewis_to_Colonel_George_Brooke_Treasurer_of_Virginia_February_9_1781 Mon, 21 Nov 2016 13:42:00 EST <![CDATA[Letter from Fielding Lewis to Colonel George Brooke, Treasurer of Virginia (February 9, 1781)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Letter_from_Fielding_Lewis_to_Colonel_George_Brooke_Treasurer_of_Virginia_February_9_1781 Mon, 21 Nov 2016 13:42:00 EST]]> /Letter_from_Lafayette_to_Thomas_Jefferson_February_21_1781 Fri, 22 Jul 2016 14:04:46 EST <![CDATA[Letter from the Marquis de Lafayette to Thomas Jefferson (February 21, 1781)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Letter_from_Lafayette_to_Thomas_Jefferson_February_21_1781 Fri, 22 Jul 2016 14:04:46 EST]]> /An_act_for_re-enlisting_the_troops_of_this_state_in_the_continental_army_and_for_other_purposes_October_1799 Fri, 22 Jul 2016 13:52:38 EST <![CDATA[An act for re-enlisting the troops of this state in the continental army, and for other purposes (October 1799)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/An_act_for_re-enlisting_the_troops_of_this_state_in_the_continental_army_and_for_other_purposes_October_1799 Fri, 22 Jul 2016 13:52:38 EST]]> /Thomas_Jefferson_s_Election_to_a_Second_Term_as_Governor_an_excerpt_from_theJournal_of_the_House_of_Delegates_June_2_1780 Fri, 22 Jul 2016 13:49:38 EST <![CDATA[Thomas Jefferson's Election to a Second Term as Governor; an excerpt from the Journal of the House of Delegates (June 2, 1780)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Thomas_Jefferson_s_Election_to_a_Second_Term_as_Governor_an_excerpt_from_theJournal_of_the_House_of_Delegates_June_2_1780 Fri, 22 Jul 2016 13:49:38 EST]]> /An_Act_establishing_a_Board_of_War_June_1779 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 15:48:24 EST <![CDATA[An Act establishing a Board of War (June 1779)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/An_Act_establishing_a_Board_of_War_June_1779 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 15:48:24 EST]]> /An_act_for_better_securing_the_payment_of_levies_and_restraint_of_vagrants_and_for_making_provision_for_the_poor_October_1776 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 15:45:46 EST <![CDATA[An act for better securing the payment of levies and restraint of vagrants, and for making provision for the poor (October 1776)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/An_act_for_better_securing_the_payment_of_levies_and_restraint_of_vagrants_and_for_making_provision_for_the_poor_October_1776 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 15:45:46 EST]]> /Letter_from_Thomas_Jefferson_to_William_Preston_June_15_1780 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 15:26:32 EST <![CDATA[Letter from Thomas Jefferson to William Preston (June 15, 1780)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Letter_from_Thomas_Jefferson_to_William_Preston_June_15_1780 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 15:26:32 EST]]> /Letter_from_Thomas_Jefferson_to_the_Virginia_Delegates_in_Congress_October_27_1780 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 14:59:21 EST <![CDATA[Letter from Thomas Jefferson to the Virginia Delegates in Congress (October 27, 1780)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Letter_from_Thomas_Jefferson_to_the_Virginia_Delegates_in_Congress_October_27_1780 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 14:59:21 EST]]> /Letter_from_Thomas_Jefferson_to_Lafayette_March_10_1781 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 14:45:23 EST <![CDATA[Letter from Thomas Jefferson to the Marquis de Lafayette (March 10, 1781)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Letter_from_Thomas_Jefferson_to_Lafayette_March_10_1781 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 14:45:23 EST]]> /Remonstrance_to_Congress_1781 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 14:37:34 EST <![CDATA[Remonstrance to Congress (1781)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Remonstrance_to_Congress_1781 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 14:37:34 EST]]> /Letter_from_Thomas_Jefferson_to_the_Speaker_of_the_House_of_Delegates_May_28_1781 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 14:25:38 EST <![CDATA[Letter from Thomas Jefferson to the Speaker of the House of Delegates (May 28, 1781)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Letter_from_Thomas_Jefferson_to_the_Speaker_of_the_House_of_Delegates_May_28_1781 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 14:25:38 EST]]> /Letter_from_Thomas_Jefferson_to_George_Washington_May_28_1781 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 14:23:13 EST <![CDATA[Letter from Thomas Jefferson to George Washington (May 28, 1781)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Letter_from_Thomas_Jefferson_to_George_Washington_May_28_1781 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 14:23:13 EST]]> /An_act_to_revive_and_amend_an_act_entitled_An_act_for_giving_farther_powers_to_the_governour_and_council_October_1780 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 14:14:46 EST <![CDATA[An act to revive and amend an act entitled 'An act for giving farther powers to the governour and council' (October 1780)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/An_act_to_revive_and_amend_an_act_entitled_An_act_for_giving_farther_powers_to_the_governour_and_council_October_1780 Thu, 21 Jul 2016 14:14:46 EST]]> /Letter_from_Thomas_Jefferson_to_George_Washington_October_26_1780 Tue, 31 May 2016 15:29:58 EST <![CDATA[Letter from Thomas Jefferson to George Washington (October 26, 1780)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Letter_from_Thomas_Jefferson_to_George_Washington_October_26_1780 Tue, 31 May 2016 15:29:58 EST]]> /An_Act_for_raising_levies_and_recruits_to_serve_in_the_present_expedition_against_the_French_on_the_Ohio_October_1754 Thu, 07 Jan 2016 13:12:34 EST <![CDATA[An Act for raising levies and recruits to serve in the present expedition against the French, on the Ohio (October 1754)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/An_Act_for_raising_levies_and_recruits_to_serve_in_the_present_expedition_against_the_French_on_the_Ohio_October_1754 Thu, 07 Jan 2016 13:12:34 EST]]> /An_Act_for_better_regulating_and_training_the_Militia_August_1755 Wed, 06 Jan 2016 13:32:27 EST <![CDATA[An Act for better regulating and training the Militia (August 1755)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/An_Act_for_better_regulating_and_training_the_Militia_August_1755 Wed, 06 Jan 2016 13:32:27 EST]]> /An_act_for_regulating_and_disciplining_the_Militia_May_5_1777 Wed, 06 Jan 2016 13:28:31 EST <![CDATA[An act for regulating and disciplining the Militia (May 5, 1777)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/An_act_for_regulating_and_disciplining_the_Militia_May_5_1777 Wed, 06 Jan 2016 13:28:31 EST]]> /Proclamation_412_Calling_Forth_Volunteers_to_Serve_in_the_War_with_Spain_April_23_1898 Wed, 06 Jan 2016 13:25:37 EST <![CDATA[Proclamation 412: Calling Forth Volunteers to Serve in the War with Spain (April 23, 1898)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Proclamation_412_Calling_Forth_Volunteers_to_Serve_in_the_War_with_Spain_April_23_1898 Wed, 06 Jan 2016 13:25:37 EST]]> /Proclamation_415_Calling_Forth_Additional_Volunteers_to_Serve_in_the_War_with_Spain_May_25_1898 Wed, 06 Jan 2016 13:23:45 EST <![CDATA[Proclamation 415: Calling Forth Additional Volunteers to Serve in the War with Spain (May 25, 1898)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Proclamation_415_Calling_Forth_Additional_Volunteers_to_Serve_in_the_War_with_Spain_May_25_1898 Wed, 06 Jan 2016 13:23:45 EST]]> /_Hard_Times_in_the_Sixth_Virginia_RichmondPlanet_December_24_1898 Wed, 06 Jan 2016 13:18:39 EST <![CDATA["Hard Times in the Sixth Virginia," Richmond Planet (December 24, 1898)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/_Hard_Times_in_the_Sixth_Virginia_RichmondPlanet_December_24_1898 Wed, 06 Jan 2016 13:18:39 EST]]> /_Negro_Officers_Richmond_Dispatch_June_5_1898 Tue, 05 Jan 2016 15:48:42 EST <![CDATA["Negro Officers," Richmond Dispatch (June 5, 1898)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/_Negro_Officers_Richmond_Dispatch_June_5_1898 Tue, 05 Jan 2016 15:48:42 EST]]> /_At_Work_for_the_Prizes_Washington_Post_May_27_1887 Tue, 05 Jan 2016 15:40:38 EST <![CDATA["At Work for the Prizes," Washington Post (May 27, 1887)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/_At_Work_for_the_Prizes_Washington_Post_May_27_1887 Tue, 05 Jan 2016 15:40:38 EST]]> /African_American_Militia_Units_in_Virginia_1870-1899 Mon, 14 Dec 2015 16:21:37 EST <![CDATA[African American Militia Units in Virginia (1870–1899)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/African_American_Militia_Units_in_Virginia_1870-1899 African American militia units served as part of the Virginia state militia, the Virginia Volunteers, from 1872 until 1899. Although the General Assembly had long prohibited the arming of both enslaved and free blacks, African Americans still fought in all American wars from the French and Indian War (1754–1763) to the American Civil War (1861–1865). The first black militia unit to form in Virginia after the Civil War was the Attucks Guard, in Richmond. Established in 1870, the group joined the Virginia Volunteers two years later. By 1884, there were nineteen black companies, composed mostly of laboring men who sought recreational opportunities and social advancement. Faced with the high cost of membership—men provided their own uniforms—and poor discipline, membership dwindled to just eight companies by 1895. Between 1886 and 1895, black companies were called up five times, including in 1887, when Governor Fitzhugh Lee became the only southern governor to activate an all-black militia unit to help suppress a violent longshoremen's strike. During the Spanish-American War (1898), Virginia raised the all-black 6th Virginia Volunteers and contributed about a third of the men of the all-black 10th U.S. Volunteers, or so-called Immunes, a regiment of soldiers believed to be resistant to tropical diseases. The men of both regiments challenged the racist treatment they received while stationed in the Deep South, and the negative publicity that resulted led the governor to leave black companies out of the reconstituted Virginia Volunteers beginning in 1899.
Mon, 14 Dec 2015 16:21:37 EST]]>
/_Frivolous_Reasons_Richmond_Planet_June_11_1898 Mon, 14 Dec 2015 14:25:33 EST <![CDATA["Frivolous Reasons," Richmond Planet (June 11, 1898)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/_Frivolous_Reasons_Richmond_Planet_June_11_1898 Mon, 14 Dec 2015 14:25:33 EST]]> /_Griffin_Men_Did_Their_Duty_in_Checking_Drunken_Negroes_Atlanta_Constitution_March_10_1899 Mon, 30 Nov 2015 15:15:49 EST <![CDATA["Griffin Men Did Their Duty in Checking Drunken Negroes," Atlanta Constitution (March 10, 1899)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/_Griffin_Men_Did_Their_Duty_in_Checking_Drunken_Negroes_Atlanta_Constitution_March_10_1899 Mon, 30 Nov 2015 15:15:49 EST]]> /_The_Griffin_Episode_Atlanta_Constitution_March_19_1899 Mon, 30 Nov 2015 14:28:17 EST <![CDATA["The Griffin Episode," Atlanta Constitution (March 19, 1899)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/_The_Griffin_Episode_Atlanta_Constitution_March_19_1899 Mon, 30 Nov 2015 14:28:17 EST]]> /First_Rockbridge_Artillery Thu, 19 Nov 2015 10:15:35 EST <![CDATA[First Rockbridge Artillery]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/First_Rockbridge_Artillery The First Rockbridge Artillery was organized on April 29, 1861, in Lexington, Virginia, and served throughout the duration of the American Civil War (1861–1865), firing its first shot in anger at the First Battle of Manassas on July 21, 1861, and fighting in most major battles of the Army of Northern Virginia until its surrender at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865. Initially led by Lexington rector and West Point graduate William N. Pendleton, the battery quickly became renowned for its daring and firmness under fire as part of the Stonewall Brigade. Pendleton, with ecclesiastical panache, named the first four tubes of the battery "Matthew," "Mark," "Luke," and "John."
Thu, 19 Nov 2015 10:15:35 EST]]>
/Virginia_Military_Institute_During_the_Civil_War Tue, 27 Oct 2015 16:25:22 EST <![CDATA[Virginia Military Institute during the Civil War]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Virginia_Military_Institute_During_the_Civil_War The Virginia Military Institute (VMI) is a state-funded military academy founded in 1839. Located in the Shenandoah Valley town of Lexington, it was only the second governmental military academy in the United States, after the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York (founded in 1802), and represented increased educational opportunity for non-elite southern men. Future Confederate generals Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson and John McCausland were VMI instructors during John Brown's raid on the U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry in 1859, and they led cadets to his execution in Charles Town, where they helped to provide security. During the American Civil War (1861–1865), approximately 1,800 VMI graduates served (including 19 in the U.S. Army), with about 250 of them killed in action. Cadets famously were called to fight in the Battle of New Market, contributing to the Confederate victory on May 15, 1864. In June, Union general David Hunter ordered the school burned, and the cadets relocated to Richmond, where they helped to defend the Confederate capital.
Tue, 27 Oct 2015 16:25:22 EST]]>
/Military_Organization_and_Rank_During_the_Civil_War Tue, 27 Oct 2015 16:01:56 EST <![CDATA[Military Organization and Rank during the Civil War]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Military_Organization_and_Rank_During_the_Civil_War Tue, 27 Oct 2015 16:01:56 EST]]> /Fort_Monroe_During_the_Civil_War Tue, 27 Oct 2015 15:43:17 EST <![CDATA[Fort Monroe during the Civil War]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Fort_Monroe_During_the_Civil_War Fort Monroe is a military installation located in Hampton Roads, Virginia, on the Peninsula overlooking the Chesapeake Bay. It was the only federal military installation in the Upper South to remain under United States control throughout the American Civil War (1861–1865). Early in the war, the fort became an outpost of freedom within the Confederacy when Union commanders used it to house refugee slaves. The fort also headquartered the Union Department of Virginia and North Carolina, and several significant military campaigns and combined operations were launched from the installation. Most notably, it served as the staging area for Union major general George B. McClellan's ill-fated Peninsula Campaign of 1862. After the war, the fort served as a destination for another brand of fugitive. Following his capture in May 1865 until his bail bond was accepted two years later, Confederate president Jefferson Davis was imprisoned at Fort Monroe.
Tue, 27 Oct 2015 15:43:17 EST]]>
/Jamestown_Ter-Centennial_Exposition_of_1907 Tue, 27 Oct 2015 14:18:18 EST <![CDATA[Jamestown Ter-Centennial Exposition of 1907]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Jamestown_Ter-Centennial_Exposition_of_1907 The Jamestown Ter-Centennial Exposition, marking the three hundredth anniversary of the founding of Jamestown and the Virginia colony by settlers from England, was held in Norfolk, Virginia, from April 26 to November 30, 1907. The event was one in a series of large fairs and expositions held across the United States, beginning with the 1893 World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago, which commemorated the four hundredth anniversary of Christopher Columbus's landing in America. Such events were designed as international showcases for arts and technology and were often linked to important anniversaries in order to highlight the notion of historical "progress." More than its predecessors, the Jamestown exhibition emphasized athletics and military prowess, the latter drawing some protests. Among many dignitaries who visited the exposition were U.S. president Theodore Roosevelt, the author Mark Twain, the educator Booker T. Washington, representatives from more than twenty nations abroad, and a number of foreign naval ships. Although the exhibition on African Americans was considered to be particularly successful, the event in general was a financial fiasco, plagued by poor management, overly ambitious plans, insufficient resources, and tight deadlines. The naval display, however, was impressive enough that in 1917 the exposition's site became home to Naval Air Station Hampton Roads (later Naval Station Norfolk).
Tue, 27 Oct 2015 14:18:18 EST]]>
/First_Military_District Thu, 27 Aug 2015 17:17:48 EST <![CDATA[First Military District]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/First_Military_District Thu, 27 Aug 2015 17:17:48 EST]]> /Puller_Lewis_Burwell_Chesty_1898-1970 Mon, 13 Apr 2015 09:16:20 EST <![CDATA[Puller, Lewis Burwell "Chesty" (1898–1971)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Puller_Lewis_Burwell_Chesty_1898-1970 Lewis Burwell "Chesty" Puller, whose barrel chest and blunt manner inspired his nickname, was a thirty-seven-year veteran of the United States Marine Corps who rose to the rank of lieutenant general. The most-decorated Marine in history, he earned five Navy Crosses, the U.S. Navy's second-highest decoration, for fighting in Nicaragua, at Guadalcanal and in New Guinea during World War II (1939–1945), and at the Chosin Reservoir during the Korean War (1950–1953).
Mon, 13 Apr 2015 09:16:20 EST]]>
/Richmond_Howitzers Mon, 22 Sep 2014 14:37:04 EST <![CDATA[Richmond Howitzers]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Richmond_Howitzers The Richmond Howitzers is a military unit formed in Richmond not long after John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry late in 1859. During the American Civil War (1861–1865), three companies organized as the Richmond Howitzer Battalion and served in most of the campaigns of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. The Howitzers reorganized in 1871 and saw active duty during both World War I (1914–1918) and World War II (1939–1945). It is now a unit in the Virginia National Guard.
Mon, 22 Sep 2014 14:37:04 EST]]>
/Aulick_John_H_ca_1791-1873 Thu, 24 Jul 2014 15:11:49 EST <![CDATA[Aulick, John H. (ca. 1791–1873)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Aulick_John_H_ca_1791-1873 Thu, 24 Jul 2014 15:11:49 EST]]> /Barron_Samuel_1809-1888 Fri, 20 Jun 2014 13:31:29 EST <![CDATA[Barron, Samuel (1809–1888)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Barron_Samuel_1809-1888 Samuel Barron was a United States and Confederate States naval officer. The son and nephew of United States Navy captains, he was appointed a midshipman at two years old, reported for active duty at six, and sailed aboard the flagship of the Mediterranean fleet before he was eleven. During the Mexican War (1846–1848), Barron commanded the USS Perry on the Pacific coast, and during the 1850s, he served in Washington, D.C., where his courtly manners earned him the nickname, "the Navy diplomat." Like Robert E. Lee, he opposed secession but joined the Confederacy anyway, and during the American Civil War (1861–1865), he served first on the North Carolina coast and was captured there in 1861 and exchanged in July 1862. In March 1863, he assumed command of the James River Squadron, but spent most of his time in Richmond. At the end of the year, he transferred to Europe, but by this time Britain and France had settled on neutrality and his efforts to build a Confederate fleet there were stymied. Barron did not return to Virginia in time to play much role in the end of the war and eventually retired to a farm in Essex County, where he died in 1888.
Fri, 20 Jun 2014 13:31:29 EST]]>
/A_Raid_on_the_Northern_Neck_an_excerpt_from_the_History_of_the_Twelfth_Regiment_New_Hampshire_Volunteers_in_the_War_of_the_Rebellion_1897 Wed, 04 Jun 2014 15:00:02 EST <![CDATA[A Raid on the Northern Neck; an excerpt from the History of the Twelfth Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteers in the War of the Rebellion, (1897)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/A_Raid_on_the_Northern_Neck_an_excerpt_from_the_History_of_the_Twelfth_Regiment_New_Hampshire_Volunteers_in_the_War_of_the_Rebellion_1897 Wed, 04 Jun 2014 15:00:02 EST]]> /The_Humble_Petition_of_Sarah_Drummond_1677 Wed, 04 Jun 2014 11:18:09 EST <![CDATA[The Humble Petition of Sarah Drummond (1677)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/The_Humble_Petition_of_Sarah_Drummond_1677 Wed, 04 Jun 2014 11:18:09 EST]]> /Ambler_James_M_1848-1881 Mon, 08 Jul 2013 10:22:24 EST <![CDATA[Ambler, James M. (1848–1881)]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Ambler_James_M_1848-1881 James M. Ambler was a Confederate cavalryman during the American Civil War (1861–1865) and, after the war, a United States Navy surgeon. Ambler graduated from medical school in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1870 and joined the Navy, serving on various ships and at the Norfolk Naval Hospital. In 1878, he reluctantly volunteered for service with an Arctic expedition aboard the Jeannette, a ship commanded by George W. De Long. The ship became imprisoned by ice late in 1879, and Ambler did well to keep the crew not only alive but relatively healthy. Still adrift in June 1881, the Jeannette struck ice, which crushed its wooden hull. While a few of the crew's thirty-three men survived, many froze to death, drowned, or starved, including Ambler, who died with De Long sometime around October 30, 1881.
Mon, 08 Jul 2013 10:22:24 EST]]>
/Naval_Station_Norfolk Wed, 19 Sep 2012 16:03:20 EST <![CDATA[Naval Station Norfolk]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Naval_Station_Norfolk Naval Station Norfolk (NSN) is a United States Navy facility located near the mouth of the Elizabeth River and Hampton Roads at Sewells Point in Norfolk. Covering more than 4,300 acres of land, NSN is one of the largest military facilities in the world. The base serves as the deepwater home port for seventy-five warships and submarines, including five of the U.S. Navy's twelve aircraft carriers. It supports numerous naval air squadrons that operate E-2C Hawkeye early warning aircraft, C-2 Greyhound cargo planes, and CH-46 helicopters. The base is also home to many shore-based Naval and joint forces commands with particular emphasis on advance training activities.
Wed, 19 Sep 2012 16:03:20 EST]]>
/Pentagon_The Thu, 07 Apr 2011 13:40:47 EST <![CDATA[Pentagon, The]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Pentagon_The The Pentagon, located in Arlington, Virginia, is home to the Department of Defense and serves as military headquarters for the United States. The enormous, 6.24-million-square-foot concrete structure is the largest office building in the world, covering thirty-four acres. Built to house the burgeoning War Department on the eve of the United States' entry into World War II (1939–1945), the headquarters was constructed in just seventeen months. From the moment Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson and Army Chief of Staff General George C. Marshall moved into the building in November 1942, the Pentagon has served as the focal point of American military planning and operations. Vital decisions regarding the D-Day invasion of Europe and the development of the atomic bomb were made at the Pentagon during World War II. In subsequent years the Pentagon has been the setting for many more critical decisions, from the Cold War and the Vietnam War (1961–1975) to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. On September 11, 2001, terrorists flew a hijacked passenger jet into the Pentagon, killing 184 people and seriously damaging the building but not shutting it down. With its iconic, five-sided shape, the Pentagon is one of the world's most recognizable buildings and it has come to serve as a symbol of American military strength.
Thu, 07 Apr 2011 13:40:47 EST]]>
/Fort_Lee Tue, 23 Nov 2010 10:37:44 EST <![CDATA[Fort Lee]]> http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Fort_Lee Fort Lee, located near Petersburg, Virginia, serves as the headquarters of the U.S. Army's Combined Arms Support Command and Quartermaster Corps. Since 1917, it has trained and educated thousands of soldiers for service in every major conflict and continues to develop future combat systems and doctrine for the all of the Army's logistics branches.
Tue, 23 Nov 2010 10:37:44 EST]]>