Unionists in Virginia supported
the United States government during the secession crisis, the American Civil War (1861–1865), or both. Representing a
minority of white Virginians and an overwhelming majority of both free and enslaved African Americans, Unionists articulated their
beliefs through a range of actions. Some explicitly supported the ideals of the
Union; others defined their Unionism as a rejection of slavery. Many Virginians feared the economic consequences
o. . .
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