The United States Colored Troops
(USCT) was a branch of the United States Army founded in 1863 to recruit, organize,
and oversee the service of African American soldiers during the American Civil War (1861–1865). USCT
regiments consisted of black enlisted men led in almost all cases by white officers.
By the end of the Civil War, more than 185,000 men had served in the USCT, including
more than 178,000 black soldiers and approximately 7,000 white officers. At least
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