Ida Mae Thompson

Ida Mae Thompson (1866–1947)

Ida Mae Thompson was an important figure in Virginia's woman suffrage movement, not for her political work but for her recordkeeping. First as a member of the Equal Suffrage League, the organization that led the effort to win women the right to vote, and then as a member of the League of Women Voters, Thompson collected and preserved the movement's history. MORE...

 

The daughter of John Henry Thompson and Sarah Ellen Facer, Thompson was born at Drakes Branch in Charlotte County on November 7, 1866. Her father had served in the Eighteenth Virginia Infantry as a tailor, spending most of the American Civil War (1861–1865) handling clothing at the Confederate quartermaster depot in Richmond. Soon after he died, Thompson and her English-born mother moved to Richmond in 1886 to live with Thompson's brother, Otis, a telegraph operator. The family lived in a rented frame house in the working-class neighborhood of Oregon Hill, on South Cherry Street near Hollywood Cemetery, just down the street from the first free circulating library in Richmond. Once in the city, Thompson found work as a typist and stenographer, eventually working in the office of Dr. Landon B. Edwards, editor of the Virginia Medical Monthly and secretary of the Medical Society of Virginia.

In 1913, Thompson took a job at the headquarters of the Equal Suffrage League of Virginia. At age forty-six, she threw herself into the work, typing letters, ordering supplies, scheduling speaking engagements, and mailing broadsides and bulletins to local leagues. While activists like Lila Meade Valentine and Adèle Clark fought publicly for woman suffrage in Virginia, Thompson dealt with a variety of practical concerns and unpleasant tasks behind the scenes. For a luncheon planned at the Young Women's Christian Association, Thompson handled ticket sales, table decorations, and menu preparation, deciding such matters as whether a fruit cup or tomato juice would be best before the main meal. She also tracked down a handyman when the roof leaked at the office, noting with dismay that "during the storm Sat. night the rain poured into the hall room."

The league disbanded after women finally won the vote in 1920 with the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment, leaving the newly formed League of Women Voters to educate and inform the electorate. Thompson continued her work as executive secretary for the League of Women Voters and collaborated with other league members to compile the Virginia chapter for Ida Husted Harper's portion of the multivolume History of Woman Suffrage—a slow process that ground to a halt temporarily when Thompson fell ill with double pneumonia. A 1927 Richmond Times-Dispatch article profiled her in a feature called "Richmond Women Outside the Home," explaining that she found "her work most interesting, for the league is always taking a vital interest in the affairs of the day." Writing years later, Adèle Clark recalled Thompson's "fine character, noble spirit, and cheerfulness."

At the height of the Great Depression, Thompson was on her own. Unmarried, with her mother and her brother both dead, she took on extra work. While still serving as the league's executive secretary, she worked in 1935 as a clerk for the U.S. Department of Labor's National Re-Employment Service and also took a post as senior clerk and research worker for the Works Progress Administration's Historical Records Survey. In 1936, the average monthly earnings of WPA workers in Virginia totaled just $25.40. Thompson thought the WPA plan was important, writing in one of many letters to former suffrage workers across the commonwealth: "NOW we have the opportunity … for collecting and classifying for permanent preservation all available materials on woman suffrage in our State, so that later a history of the movement can be written."

Thompson asked for minutes, fliers, newspaper clippings, or "information that workers may remember… Short stories of certain meetings or mention of outstanding speakers will not come amiss," she reminded one woman who had not yet responded. "In fact, we want any data that will help to make a complete history of the suffrage movement in Virginia." To the dismay of Thompson, the correspondent wrote back, "All data was probably destroyed when I had to move my desk, not thinking that it was worth keeping."

Nonetheless, under Thompson's leadership, the Historical Records Survey collected more than 25,000 items concerning the suffrage movement, from correspondence and treasurers' reports to "Votes for Women" buttons and ribbons. Thompson donated the material to the Library of Virginia (then the Virginia State Library) in 1942. She included a suffrage correspondence-school textbook with her name and address penciled inside the front cover.

About the same time, she finally retired as secretary for the League of Women Voters but remained active in the Grace Street Baptist Church and worked as a hostess at the museum of the Home for Needy Confederate Women, which she entered in 1938. Thompson died on July 24, 1947, at the age of eighty, and was buried alongside her mother and brother under a spreading holly in Richmond's Hollywood Cemetery.

Time Line

  • November 7, 1866 - Ida Mae Thompson is born in Drakes Branch, Charlotte County.
  • 1886 - Ida Mae Thompson moves with her mother to Richmond's Oregon Hill District to live with her brother Otis.
  • 1913 - Ida Mae Thompson takes a job at the headquarters of the Equal Suffrage League of Virginia.
  • October 1920 - Ida Mae Thompson works as executive secretary for the Virginia League of Women Voters.
  • September 14, 1927 - The Richmond Times-Dispatch features Ida Mae Thompson in an article entitled "Richmond Women Outside the Home."
  • 1935 - Ida Mae Thompson works as a clerk for the U.S. Department of Labor’s National Re-Employment Service and a as senior clerk and research worker for the Works Progress Administration’s Historical Records Survey.
  • 1938 - Ida Mae Thompson works as a hostess at the museum of the Home for Needy Confederate Women.
  • 1942 - Ida Mae Thompson donates more than 25,000 items dealing with the suffrage movement to the Virginia State Library.
  • 1942 - Ida Mae Thompson retires as secretary of the Virginia League of Women Voters.
  • July 24, 1947 - Ida Mae Thompson dies and is buried at Hollywood cemetery.

References

Further Reading
Equal Suffrage League Collection. Library of Virginia.
Harper, Ida Husted. The History of Woman Suffrage. Vol. 6. Rochester, NY, 1922.
"Interlocking Research Projects Dig Deep in Old Dominion's History." The W.P.A. Record 1:1 (October 1936).
"Richmond Women Outside the Home." Richmond Times-Dispatch, September 14, 1927.
Cite This Entry
  • APA Citation:

    McDaid, J. D. Ida Mae Thompson (1866–1947). (2013, December 27). In Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved from http://www.EncyclopediaVirginia.org/Thompson_Ida_Mae_1866-1947.

  • MLA Citation:

    McDaid, Jennifer Davis. "Ida Mae Thompson (1866–1947)." Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 27 Dec. 2013. Web. READ_DATE.

First published: February 15, 2008 | Last modified: December 27, 2013


Contributed by Jennifer Davis McDaid, a historical archivist at the Norfolk Southern Corporation.