Mr Du Ponceau has the honor of enclosing to Mr Jefferson, a Short Comparative Vocabulary of the Nottoway & Iroquois idioms. Few words will be found in which the Analogy is not Striking. It may be carried farther, but he believes this will be Sufficient to Shew the affinity which exists between those languages. Mr D. regrets that his Stock of Tuscarora words is very Scanty, as these generally helped him, when the other idioms failed.
He begs Mr Jefferson will accept the assurance of his high veneration & respect
13th July 1820
— page 2 —Affinities of the Nottoway language with the Iroquois Dialects
The Sun Aheeta, Tuscarora Heita
The Moon Tethrake, Onondago, Garàchqua
Ice Owees, Onond. Owissa, Tuscar: Oowisse
Fire Auteur, Onond. Otshishta, Yotècka. Huron, Atsista (Sagard).
Water Auwa, Tusc., Auweak
A Mountain Yonun; Tenunte, Tusc: Yooneneeunte, Wyandot or Huron (an Iroquois Dialect) Onunteh
Darkness, Asunta, Onond: Achsonta, Tusc: Autsonneak
The Woods, Oraracoon, Tusc: Orench, a tree
A Swamp Keenu, Tusc: Keenah, a river
God, Heaven, Quakerhunte Quakeruntika: Onond: Garachin, Heaven, ne karongyage, in heaven, heav Huron, heronhiaye, au Ciel (Fath. Sagard) Kerhun, Karhon, is found in these Nottoway words.
Man, Enika, Tusc: Aneehlak
A young Man, Aquatio: Onond: Axhaa, a boy
a boy, Aqueianka Tusc: Woccanookne, a child Aqua, Axa, Wocca, may easily have been corrupted from one another
A Woman Ekening, Onond: Echro
Death, Anseehe, Seneca, Haneeh, Tusc: Aucreeah
— page 3 —Nottoway
Hand or finger = Nunke, Oneida, Osnoongee, hands
The foot = Saseeke, Tusc: Auseekeh
The hair = Aowerac, Tusc: Oowdra Oowara.
The eyes = Suntunke, Oneid. Ohuntak Tusc. Ohuntnek.
The tongue = Darsunke, Huron, Dachia (Father Sagard) Wyandot, Uskunsheeaw (Prof. Barton)
The teeth = Otosag Tusc: Otoseh.
The nose = Oteusag, Onond: Onischsa, Tusc: Ocheoossak Oteusag & Ocheoossak, are evidently the Same word, pronounced Otchoossach (ch, Greek λ guttural)
Blood, Gäthum, Tusc: Kautkeh Gät, Gant, Kant, the same, termination differs
Skin, Ohonag, Tusc: Enunkeh
Nails Yetunke Onond: Eechta.
A Cow = Toskerung, Onond: Tisnkòsquoront
— page 4 —Nottoway
A dog Chher, Onond: Tschiera (from Germ: pron. Cheera[)] Tusc: Cheeth, Seneca, Cheerah.
A Cat Tose, Onond: Taguh.
Summer = Genheke, Onond. Gagenhé Oneida: Kau-waw+kun-heak-ke The termination Kunheakke, appears the same with Genheke
Winter = Goshera, Tusc: Kooséhhea G. for K:, & for the gutteral hh.
A House, Onushag, Oneida, Kanoughsaw Mohawk, Kanoughsagough Onondago, Ganochsáye.
Neat Meat, Askaharag, Onond:
Owáchra Long (adj.) Ewis, Onond: Iòs (pron: Eeos)
Little Newisha, Ond: Niwa.
Cold Watorae, Onond: Otohré