Primary Resource

La Trinidad Expedition Log (August 24, 1566)

In his expedition log, dated August 24, 1566, Diego de Carmago records that the Spanish ship La Trinidad, carrying two Dominican friars, fifteen soldiers, and the baptized Virginia Indian Don Luís, anchors off the coast of present-day North Carolina. The records of the expedition are stored at Archivo General de Indias in Seville, Spain (Patronato Real 257, No. 3, R. 4). This English translation, by L. A. Vigneras, was originally published in the North Carolina Historical Review and is reprinted by permission.

Transcription from Original

The contrary wind which arose at the mouth of the river in 37˚ 30 having subsided, the pilot Domingo Fernández steered toward the land and cast anchor at the mouth of a river on the said coast in 36˚, on the 24th of August of the said year, and since the Indian Don Luis claimed that his territory extended from the 36th to the 39th degree along the coast, the said pilot Domingo Fernández took the ship inside the river. To all this I bear witness and give testimony whereof, as the said Domingo Fernández requested.

Signed: Diego de Camargo