Primary Resource

La Trinidad Expedition Log (August 14, 1566)

In his expedition log, dated August 14, 1566, Diego de Carmago records that the Spanish ship La Trinidad, carrying two Dominican friars, fifteen soldiers, and the baptized Virginia Indian Don Luís, encounters a storm off the coast of present-day Maryland. The records of the expedition are stored at Archivo General de Indias in Seville, Spain (Patronato Real 257, No. 3, R. 4). This English translation, by L. A. Vigneras, was originally published in the North Carolina Historical Review and is reprinted by permission.

Transcription from Original

On the 14th of August of the said year 1566, sailing along the coast of the said provinces of Florida, the pilot Domingo Fernández anchored at the mouth of a river at the latitude of 37˚ 30, which according to Don Luis was in his territory. As they were taking out the boat to sound the bottom of the river, a contrary wind arose which forced them to weigh anchor with all speed and put out to sea. The contrary wind, very strong, lasted four full days. Of all this, I the said secretary (escrivano) give testimony.

Signed: Diego de Camargo