Primary Resource

Excerpt from Thomas Jefferson's Garden Book (1769)

In this excerpt from his Garden Book, dated March 14, 1769, and July 27, 1769, Thomas Jefferson notes the beginning of his gardening at Monticello, which had not yet been built. This notation marks Jefferson's first documented use of the word "Monticello."

Transcription from Original

1769. Monticello.

Mar. 14. planted on the S.E. side of the hill as follows.

On the Ridge beginning at the bottom.

1. row of Pears. 25.f. apart 12 in a row. left vacant.

1. row of dº. ingrafted.

2. rows of cherries intended for stocks to inoculation.

2. of New York apples ingrafted.

1. of Peach stocks for inoculating almonds.

1. of dº … for dº … apricots

1/2 row of dº. for Nectarines.—1/2 row of quinces.

In the Hollow.

1. row of Pomegranates 12 1/2 f. apart 12 in a row.

2. dº. of figs.

1. dº. Peach stocks for inoculating Apricots.

1. dº. of Walnuts.

July. 27. *a bed of mortar which makes 2000. bricks takes 6. hhds. of water.

* Nich. Meriwether sais that 30. hills of Cucumbers 4.f. apart will supply a middling family plentifully.

* Nich. Lewis thinks 40.f. square of watermelons will supply a family that is not very large.

* Millar's Gard's dict. sais that 50. hills of Cucumbers will yeild 400. cucumbers a week during the time they are in season, which he sais is 5 weeks. so that 50 hills will yield 2000, or 1. hill yeild 40. cucumbers.