Possibly Carter escaped to the North during the Civil War, but he was living in Chesterfield County in February 1866, when he was taxed 28 cents as a male Negro over age twenty-one. He next appears in the public record in December of that year when he purchased two lots in the community of Swansboro, near Manchester, from William H. Brander, a wealthy farmer who may have been Carter's former owner. Carter probably practiced his trade as a shoemaker until 1868 or 1869, when he and a partner opened a grocery under the name of Smith and Carter. The store stood on a lot in Manchester that Carter bought in April 1868 for $425, most likely with the money he earned as a delegate to the state constitutional convention.
The day after the convention closed, Carter attended a Radical meeting at the State Capitol to discuss appointments to state offices and nominations for Congress. Carter does not appear to have taken part in any further political activities, however, and he did not seek office in the elections held in July 1869. Carter had married a woman named Alice, surname unknown, by January 7, 1869, when he sold his two lots in Swansboro and mortgaged his lot in Manchester for $115. It is not known whether Carter and his wife had been married before or after emancipation or whether they had any children, because no marriage or births were ever recorded under their names in Chesterfield County. Carter died at his home in Manchester early in the morning of January 11, 1870, and was buried from the African Baptist church (later First Baptist Church, South Richmond) in that town.
ca. 1816 - Around this year, James B. Carter was born. He was born into slavery, probably in Chesterfield County.
April 1867 - James B. Carter represents Chesterfield County at a convention of black and white Republicans that meet in Richmond to prepare for the upcoming constitutional convention.
October 3, 1867 - A meeting of African American Republicans recommends James B. Carter as a candidate for the constitution convention. Four days later, he is nominated unanimously at the county's Radical convention.
October 22, 1867 - African Americans in the district consisting of Chesterfield and Powhatan Counties turn out in large numbers in their first opportunity to vote in a Virginia election.
1868 or 1869 - Around this time, James B. Carter and a partner open a grocery store under the name Smith and Carter in Manchester.
January 17, 1868 - James B. Carter speaks at the constitutional convention in favor of continuing night sessions in order to complete the convention's business more quickly.
January 28, 1868 - James B. Carter speaks out at the constitutional convention in favor of limiting speeches to half an hour.
April 17, 1868 - James B. Carter joins the majority of the constitutional convention in approving the new constitution, which mandates universal manhood suffrage, creates a new system of publicly funded schools, and transforms the organization of county government.
January 7, 1869 - By this date, James B. Carter has married a woman named Alice.
January 11, 1870 - James B. Carter dies at his home in Manchester.
Cite This Entry
- APA Citation:
Julienne, M. E., & the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. James B. Carter (ca. 1816–1870). (2018, April 19). In Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved from http://www.EncyclopediaVirginia.org/Carter_James_B_ca_1816-1870.
- MLA Citation:
Julienne, Marianne E. and the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. "James B. Carter (ca. 1816–1870)." Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 19 Apr. 2018. Web. READ_DATE.
First published: April 15, 2013 | Last modified: April 19, 2018