Campbell returned to Virginia and settled in Wheeling. In the autumn of 1856 he and John F. McDermot purchased the Wheeling Daily Intelligencer. On October 9 of that year Campbell became the editor. During the next two years he used the Intelligencer to express his antislavery views. It became not only the first Republican daily newspaper in Virginia but also perhaps the best known and most influential Virginia newspaper outside Richmond. Campbell unsuccessfully proposed in 1859 that the second national convention of the Republican Party meet the following year in Wheeling. It met, instead, in Chicago, where he was a delegate supporting Seward for president. Afterward Campbell warmly endorsed the nomination of Abraham Lincoln, who received about 800 votes in Ohio County in the November election.
Campbell remained a loyal Republican during and after the Civil War, but he occasionally differed with national party leaders when he believed that the interests of the party ran contrary to those of West Virginia. He dissented on withholding suffrage from former supporters of the Confederacy, on refusing to make an alliance with the Greenback Party, and on a proposed third presidential term for Ulysses S. Grant in 1880. So strong was Campbell's opposition to party leaders in 1880 that some considered expelling him from the national convention. He forcefully argued his case at the convention, retained his seat, and also received some credit for the eventual nomination for president of his friend James A. Garfield. Although frequently urged to seek public office, Campbell rejected suggestions that he run for the U.S. Senate or jockey for a position in Garfield's cabinet.
April 4, 1833 - Archibald W. Campbell is born in Jefferson County, Ohio.
1852 - Archibald W. Campbell graduates from Bethany College.
Autumn 1856 - Archibald W. Campbell and John F. McDermot purchase the Wheeling Daily Intelligencer.
October 9, 1856 - Archibald W. Campbell becomes the editor of the Wheeling Daily Intelligencer.
March 10, 1864 - Archibald W. Campbell and Annie W. Crawford marry.
1880 - Republican Party leaders consider expelling Archibald W. Campbell.
February 13, 1899 - Archibald W. Campbell dies at his sister's home in Webster Groves, Missouri. He is buried in Wheeling, West Virginia.
Cite This Entry
- APA Citation:
MacGregor, D. J., & the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. Archibald W. Campbell (1833–1899). (2017, July 28). In Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved from http://www.EncyclopediaVirginia.org/Campbell_Archibald_W_1833-1899.
- MLA Citation:
MacGregor, Douglas J. and the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. "Archibald W. Campbell (1833–1899)." Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 28 Jul. 2017. Web. READ_DATE.
First published: March 31, 2017 | Last modified: July 28, 2017
Contributed by Douglas J. MacGregor and the Dictionary of Virginia Biography.