Primary Resource

Advertisement for the Capture of Oney Judge, Philadelphia Gazette (May 24, 1796)

In this advertisement, published on the front page of the Philadelphia Gazette and Universal Daily Advertiser, on May 24, 1796, President George Washington seeks the return of his fugitive slave Oney Judge. Frederick Kitt, who placed the ad, was steward of the President's House in Philadelphia. Some spelling has been modernized.

Transcription from Original

Advertisement.

ABSCONDED from the household of the President of the United States, ONEY JUDGE, a light mulatto girl, much freckled, with very black eyes and bushy black hair, she is of middle stature, slender, and delicately formed about 20 years of age.

She has many changes of good clothes of all sorts, but they are not sufficiently recollected to be described—As there was no suspicion of her going off, nor no provocation to do so, it is not easy to conjecture whither she has gone, or fully, what her design is—but as she may attempt to escape by water, all masters of vessels are cautioned against admitting her into them, although it is probably she will attempt to pass for a free woman, and has, it is said, wherewithal to pay her passage.

Ten dollars will be paid to any person who will bring her home, if taken in the city, or on board any vessel in the harbour;—and a reasonable additional sum if apprehended and brought from a greater distance, and in proportion to that distance.

FREDERICK KITT, Steward.

May 23.