Primary Resource

Advertisement for the Capture of Caesar, Columbian Mirror and Alexandria Gazette (April 14, 1798)

In this advertisement, published in the Columbian Mirror and Alexandria Gazette, on April 14, 1798, George Washington seeks the capture of Caesar, an enslaved man who ran away from Mount Vernon. Washington's farm manager, James Anderson, placed the notice.

Transcription from Original

Twenty-Five Dollars Reward.

RAN AWAY on the first of March (without having received any correction, or threats of punishment, or in short, without any cause whatever) from a Farm on the Estate of Mount-Vernon, CÆSAR, a black negro man about 45 or 50 years of age, and about 5 feet 7 or 8 inches high; has a sharp aquiline nose, and some of his foreteeth stand out: he is plausible and artful, and can read and write.

What cloaths he has with him is unknown; his usual dress is home-spun black and white—his walks until the 25th ultimo, (and may be so still) have been about the Farms—in and about Alexandria—and at Doctor Stuart's Plantation near George-Town—probably too, at his home house, as he has relations at both places In the neighborhood he is so well known as to need no further description, for he frequently reads or preaches to the blacks.

Whoever will take up the said negro Caesar and deliver him to me at Mount-Vernon, or shall have him well secured in any gaol, shall receive the above reward—And all persons are forewarned from harboring or supplying him with provisions, as on proof thereof, they will assuredly be prosecuted.