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Indenture of William Buckland

Indenture Contract

In this indenture contract, dated August 4, 1755, the English carpenter and joiner William Buckland promises four years of service to Thomson Mason "in the Plantation of Virginia beyond the Seas." Mason hired Buckland on behalf of his brother, George Mason, who sought a skilled craftsman to help him design the interior woodwork in Gunston Hall, his plantation home in Fairfax County. The contract promised the twenty-two-year-old Buckland paid passage to Virginia, twenty pounds sterling per year, and room and board in exchange for four years of service, after which he would gain his freedom.

Original Author: William Buckland

Created: August 4, 1755

Medium: Handwritten document

Courtesy of Gunston Hall

Recommendation for William Buckland

Handwritten on the reverse side of the official form setting out the terms of William Buckland's indenture is the excellent recommendation he earned from George Mason after completing four years of service to him. It reads:

The within named William Buckland came into Virginia with my brother Thomson Mason, who engaged him in London, & had a very good Character of him there; during the time he lived with me he had the entire Direction of the Carpenter's & Joiner's work of a large House, & having behaved very faithfully in my service, I can with great Justice recommend him, to any Gentleman that may have occasion [to] employ him, as an honest sober diligent man, & I think a complete Master of the Carpenter's & Joiner's Business both in Theory & practice.

Original Author: George Mason

Created: November 8, 1759

Medium: Handwritten manuscript

Courtesy of Gunston Hall

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  • Indenture Contract

    In this indenture contract, dated August 4, 1755, the English carpenter and joiner William Buckland promises four years of service to Thomson Mason "in the Plantation of Virginia beyond the Seas." Mason hired Buckland on behalf of his brother, George Mason, who sought a skilled craftsman to help him design the interior woodwork in Gunston Hall, his plantation home in Fairfax County. The contract promised the twenty-two-year-old Buckland paid passage to Virginia, twenty pounds sterling per year, and room and board in exchange for four years of service, after which he would gain his freedom.

    Original Author: William Buckland

    Created: August 4, 1755

    Medium: Handwritten document

    Courtesy of Gunston Hall

  • Recommendation for William Buckland

    Handwritten on the reverse side of the official form setting out the terms of William Buckland's indenture is the excellent recommendation he earned from George Mason after completing four years of service to him. It reads:

    The within named William Buckland came into Virginia with my brother Thomson Mason, who engaged him in London, & had a very good Character of him there; during the time he lived with me he had the entire Direction of the Carpenter's & Joiner's work of a large House, & having behaved very faithfully in my service, I can with great Justice recommend him, to any Gentleman that may have occasion [to] employ him, as an honest sober diligent man, & I think a complete Master of the Carpenter's & Joiner's Business both in Theory & practice.

    Original Author: George Mason

    Created: November 8, 1759

    Medium: Handwritten manuscript

    Courtesy of Gunston Hall