On September 13, 1861, the 2nd and 3rd companies joined the 2nd Virginia Artillery Regiment, later designated the 1st Virginia Artillery Regiment. (As a tactical organization, the Richmond Howitzers Battalion now ceased to exist.) The three companies had all moved to the Peninsula by the spring of 1862. The 1st Company fought in the Battle of Williamsburg on May 5. Both the 1st and 2nd companies participated in the Battle of Seven Pines, May 31–June 1. And the 1st and 3rd Companies were engaged several times during the Seven Days' Battles, June 25–July 1.
The Army of Northern Virginia, including the Howitzers, evacuated its lines in front of Richmond and Petersburg on the night of April 2, 1865, and marched westward. The men of the 2nd Company resumed their duties as infantrymen and fought the enemy in several skirmishes. The 3rd Company saw only minor skirmishing near Deatonsville on April 6 during the Appomattox Campaign. After participating in an engagement near Appomattox Court House on April 8, the men of the 1st Company separated from the army to march toward Lynchburg. They disbanded the following day near Red Oak Church and buried their cannons in a nearby ravine. The 2nd and 3rd companies, meanwhile, surrendered with Lee's army at Appomattox on April 9, 1865.
On February 3, 1941, the 111th Field Artillery again entered active federal
service as a part of the 29th Infantry Division. When the division reorganized in
March 1942, the 1st Battalion, 111th Field Artillery, became the 111th Field
Artillery Battalion. The 29th Division traveled from the United States to England
In the years following World War II, the Richmond Howitzers were separated from the 29th Division and served under several different configurations. The unit again became Battery A, 111th Field Artillery Regiment, in 1972 and currently retains that designation in the Virginia National Guard.
November 9, 1859 - George Wythe Randolph founds the Richmond Howitzers, a light artillery unit, and is elected captain. The Howitzers march to Charles Town, Virginia, to help guard John Brown during his trial and subsequent execution.
1860 - The Richmond Howitzers become Company H, 1st Virginia Volunteer Regiment.
May 3–9, 1861 - Three companies organize as the Richmond Howitzer Battalion and are mustered into Confederate service.
September 13, 1861 - The 2nd and 3rd companies, Richmond Howitzers, become a part of the 1st Virginia Artillery Regiment.
April 9, 1865 - The 1st Company, Richmond Howitzers, disbands near Red Oak Church, Virginia, and the 2nd and 3rd companies surrender with the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House.
April 10, 1871 - The Richmond Howitzers reorganize as a light artillery company of the Virginia militia.
1917–1918 - The Richmond Howitzers serve as Company A, 111th Field Artillery Regiment, during World War I.
February 3, 1941 - The Richmond Howitzers enter federal service as a part of the 111th Field Artillery Regiment in the 29th Infantry Division.
1942–1945 - The Richmond Howitzers serve as Battery A, 111th Field Artillery Regiment, during World War II.
1972 - The Richmond Howitzers become Battery A, 111th Field Artillery Regiment, in the Virginia National Guard.
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First published: October 5, 2009 | Last modified: September 18, 2014
Contributed by Arthur W. Bergeron Jr., a reference historian with the U.S. Army Military History Institute. He is a past president of the Louisiana Historical Association and of the Richmond and Baton Rouge Civil War round tables. His publications include A Thrilling Narrative: The Memoir of a Southern Unionist (2006), The Civil War in Louisiana, Part B: The Home Front (2004), and The Civil War in Louisiana, Part A: Military Activity (2002).