LaSalle Corbell Pickett

LaSalle Corbell Pickett (1843–1931)

LaSalle Corbell Pickett was a prolific author and lecturer, and the third wife of George E. Pickett, the Confederate general best known for his participation in the doomed frontal assault known as Pickett's Charge during the American Civil War (1861–1865). After her husband's death in 1875, she traveled the country to promote a highly romanticized version of his life and military career that was generally at odds with the historical record. George Pickett emerged from the war with a strained relationship with Robert E. Lee—whom he partly blamed for the destruction of his division at Gettysburg (1863)—and accused of war crimes. But in his wife's history, Pickett and His Men (1899), this not-always-competent soldier was transformed into the ideal Lost Cause hero, "gallant and graceful as a knight of chivalry riding to a tournament." This image largely stuck in the American consciousness, leaving historians to spend much of the next century attempting to separate Pickett from his myth. MORE...

 

Early Years

Corbell was born Sallie Ann Corbell on May 16, 1843, in Nansemond County, the eldest of nine children. Her parents, David John Corbell and Elizabeth Phillips Corbell, were slaveholders and owned a plantation near Suffolk. Corbell attended the Lynchburg Female Seminary in Lynchburg. She claimed to have met Pickett sometime during the antebellum years, although her account that they became engaged when she was a young girl seems highly unlikely. As an army officer, Pickett spent most of this time stationed on the western frontier. He was even married briefly to an Indian woman in Washington Territory.

Once the war started, however, a passionate romance blossomed between Corbell and the famously long-locked general. For a time, Pickett slipped away nightly from his command to see her, behavior that did not always sit well with his fellow Confederate officers and soldiers. To Corbell, however, it was proof of his chivalric love and devotion to her. The two married on September 15, 1863, at St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Petersburg, just a few months after the disastrous Confederate defeat at Gettysburg, and Corbell claimed that she often joined her husband near the front lines while he served with the Army of Northern Virginia. Their son George was born in 1864.

The end of the war brought with it disgrace and disillusionment. George Pickett never recovered from the bitter loss of his division on the third day at Gettysburg, and he was briefly under investigation for war crimes stemming from the execution in 1864 of twenty-two captured Union prisoners at Kinston, North Carolina. The Picketts fled to Montreal for a few months, where she taught Latin and sold her jewelry, before returning to Virginia. Their youngest son, Corbell, died in 1874, at the age of eight. The former general, long plagued by an explosive temper and ill health, died the following year, at the age of fifty.

Author and Speaker

Sallie Pickett lived for fifty-six more years, raising their surviving son, finding much-needed work in the U.S. Pensions office in Washington, D.C., and in the 1880s becoming an author and public speaker. Rather than address her authentic experience as the wife of a famous but troubled and controversial general, she invented a new self: LaSalle Corbell Pickett, "Child-bride of the Confederacy." She subtracted years from her age (sometimes five, sometimes even more) and told stories from the perspective of a child, smoothing the complexities of the antebellum South and slavery into a self-justifying myth soaked in the "fragrance of the snowy magnolias."

This new Pickett was always the loyal and dependent Southern wife and her husband the glorious hero of Gettysburg. In Pickett and His Men, she described the general as possessing "the greatest capacity for happiness and such dauntless courage and self-control that, to all appearances, he could as cheerfully and buoyantly steer his way over the angry, menacing, tumultuous surges of life as over the waves that glide in tranquil smoothness and sparkle in the sunlight of a calm, clear sky." Meanwhile, Pickett regaled her audiences with stories of happy and obedient slaves, and famously performed what she insisted to be a "phonetically genuine" slave dialect. In Kunnoo Sperits (1900), she explained that, for her, the language was "part of the sunlight of childhood."

Many of her published writings blurred the lines between fact and fiction. Historian Gary W. Gallagher has convincingly argued that she plagiarized large portions of Pickett and His Men and, apparently, fabricated an entire wartime correspondence from her husband. (The Heart of a Soldier, As Revealed in the Intimate Letters of Gen'l George E. Pickett, C.S.A. was published in 1913, and Soldier of the South: General Pickett's War Letters to His Wife, edited by Arthur Crew Inman, appeared in 1928.) Those letters, meanwhile, have insinuated themselves into American memory. They have been cited by historians, used in Michael Shaara's Pulitzer Prize–winning novel, The Killer Angels (1974), and quoted by Ken Burns in his documentary The Civil War (1990).

Lost Cause Writer

Pickett's writing is an example of Lost Cause literature, which was popular late in the nineteenth century and early in the twentieth century. The Lost Cause view of the Civil War was developed by former Confederate generals, such as Jubal A. Early, who were attempting to explain and justify Confederate defeat. According to Lost Cause writers, the Civil War did not start because of slavery, secession was a constitutional right, Confederate generals were knightly heroes, and the South only lost because it was outmanned and outgunned.

By idealizing her husband as the hero of the Civil War's most famous battle, Pickett positioned herself to be at the center of American efforts to memorialize the conflict. At the 1887 Gettysburg reunion, for instance, she signed autographs and shook hands with veterans of both the Union and Confederate armies. In fact, because her writing, and Lost Cause writing in general, was accepted across sectional boundaries, it became an important part of the country's reconciliation. "Enthusiasm over Mrs. Pickett's lecture on Gettysburg surpasses anything ever known here," one Bostonian wrote in 1910. It was the "first time in history, [that] more than 2,000 Bostonians ever stood up when the band played 'Dixie.'"

LaSalle Corbell Pickett died on March 22, 1931, having achieved a good deal of personal autonomy celebrating a man and helping to create a myth.

Major Works

  • Pickett and His Men (1899)
  • Kunnoo Sperits and Others (1900)
  • Yule Log (1900)
  • Ebil Eye (1901)
  • Jinny (1901)
  • Digging Through to Manila (1905)
  • Literary Hearthstones of Dixie (1912)
  • The Bugles of Gettysburg (1913)
  • The Heart of a Soldier, As Revealed in the Intimate Letters of Gen'l George E. Pickett, C.S.A. (1913)
  • Across My Path: Memories of People I Have Known (1916)
  • What Happened to Me … (1917)
  • Soldier of the South: General Pickett's War Letters to His Wife (edited by Arthur Crew Inman, 1928)

Time Line

  • May 16, 1843 - Sallie Ann Corbell is born in Nansemond County, Virginia, the eldest of nine children.
  • September 15, 1863 - George E. Pickett and LaSalle Corbell marry at St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Petersburg.
  • 1864 - Sallie Ann Corbell, wife of Confederate general George E. Pickett, gives birth to the couple's first child, George.
  • 1874 - Corbell Pickett, the youngest son of former Confederate general George E. Pickett and his wife, Sallie Ann Corbell, dies.
  • July 30, 1875 - George E. Pickett, who after the Civil War farmed, sold insurance, and battled declining health, dies at the age of fifty. He is buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.
  • March 22, 1931 - LaSalle Corbell Pickett dies.
Further Reading
Gordon, Lesley J. General George E. Pickett in Life and Legend. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
Pickett, LaSalle Corbell. What Happened To Me. New York, New York: Brentano, 1917.
Cite This Entry
APA Citation:
Gordon, L. J. LaSalle Corbell Pickett (1843–1931). (2014, January 8). In Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved from http://www.EncyclopediaVirginia.org/Pickett_LaSalle_Corbell_1843-1931.

MLA Citation:
Gordon, L. J. "LaSalle Corbell Pickett (1843–1931)." Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 8 Jan. 2014. Web. READ_DATE.

First published: July 28, 2009 | Last modified: January 8, 2014


Contributed by Lesley J. Gordon, a professor of history at the University of Akron. She is the author of George E. Pickett in Life and Legend (1998), and most recently coeditor of Inside the Confederate Nation: Essays in Honor of Emory M. Thomas (2005).