Primary Resource

Indenture between the Four Adventurers of Berkeley Hundred and Robert Coopy of North Nibley (1619)

In the following contract, also called a covenant or indenture, an Englishman, Robert Coopy, hires his labor to the proprietors of the Berkeley Hundred plantation in Virginia for three years. Some spelling has been modernized and contractions expanded.

Transcription from Original

This Indenture made the seventh day of September. 1619. in the xviith year of the raigne of our soveraigne lord kinge James of England &c. Betwene Sir William Throkmorton knight and baronet Richard Berkley Esq George Thorpe Esq and John Smyth gent on the one pte And Robert Coopy of Northnibly in the county of Glouc Husbandman on th'other pte. Witnesseth That the said Robert doth hereby covenant

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faythfully to serve the said Sir William, Richard George and John for three yeares from datye here of §his landinge§ in the land of Virginia, there to bee imployed in the lawfull and reasonable workes and labors of them the said Sir William Richard George and John and their assignes, and to be obedient to such governors his and their assistants and counsell as they the said Sir William Richard George and John shall from tyme to tyme appoynt and set over t him. In consideracion whereof, the said Sir William Richard George and John doe covenant with the said Robert to transport him (with gods assistance) with all convenient speed into the said land of Virginia at their costs and charges in all things, and there to maintayne him with convenient diet and apparell meet for such a servant, And in thend of the said terme to make him a free man of the said Cuntry theirby to enioy all the liberties freedomes and priviledges of a freeman there, And to grant to the said Robert thirty acres of land within their Territory or hundred of Barkley in the said land for the terme of his life and of two others then by him to bee named (if hee bee then lyvinge) under the yearly rent of twelve pence for each acre, and such other reasonable §condicions and§ services as are usuall and accustomed in the said land §at or before the sealinge thereof shall be agreed betwene the said pties.§ And to pay each quarter of a yeare ten shillings to the wife of the said Robert at her house in Northnibly aforesaid towards her mayntenance duringe the said terme if hee soe longe lyve, Wherof is alredy payd thirty shillings. Given Enterchangeably under their hands and seales the day and yeare first above written.

RIC: BERKELEY (Seal)

GEO: THORPE (Seal)

JOHN SMYTH (Seal)

[Indorsed:] Rob: Coopy he forso[oke] the voyage:—by assent.