Late in 1664 Berkeley appointed Drummond the first governor of the colony on Albemarle Sound (later North Carolina). Drummond worked with the assembly to establish the new government and to settle the boundary between the county and Virginia. He acquired land there for himself, but he spent much of his time in Virginia. In July 1666 he was in Jamestown to negotiate with the governments of Virginia and Maryland for a suspension in tobacco cultivation. The plan to reduce production and thereby raise the prices planters received failed after Maryland refused to cooperate. Drummond's biggest problem as governor was the proprietors' policy of requiring people who patented land to live on it in order to retain ownership, and he complained that Berkeley and the other proprietors obstructed his work. In October 1667 Drummond yielded the office to Samuel Stephens, probably after completing a three-year appointment. (Stephens was then married to Frances Culpeper, the future wife of Governor Berkeley.)
Officers and men from the warship Young Prince captured Drummond and Lawrence, hungry and cold, in the Chickahomony Swamp on January 14, 1677. Five days later when Drummond was presented to Berkeley, the angry governor reportedly greeted him with a bow and the sarcastic words, "Mr. Drumond! you are very welcome, I am more Glad to See you, than any man in Virginia, Mr. Drumond you shall be hang'd in half an hour." The next day Drummond refused a horse and walked in irons from King's Creek on the York River to Middle Plantation. There, on January 20, 1677, the governor and Council tried and convicted him of treason. William Drummond was hanged a few hours later. The place of his burial, if any, was not recorded.
Berkeley confiscated Drummond's estate, but Sarah Drummond later entered into protracted litigation and eventually recovered the property. Lake Drummond in the Dismal Swamp was probably named for William Drummond, although references to the lake by that name do not predate the middle of the eighteenth century.
Autumn 1648 - William Drummond leases twenty-five acres of land in James City County, called the governor's land, from Sir William Berkeley.
1658 - William Drummond is county sheriff of James City County and bailiff of the Quarter Court and the sergeant-at-arms of the General Assembly. He is probably a member of the James City County Court.
1664 - Late in the year Virginia governor Sir William Berkeley appoints William Drummond the first governor of the colony on Albemarle Sound (later North Carolina). Drummond works with the assembly to establish the new government and to settle the boundary between the county and Virginia.
July 1666 - William Drummond, governor of the colony on Albemarle Sound, is in Jamestown to negotiate with the governments of Virginia and Maryland for a suspension in tobacco cultivation.
October 1667 - William Drummond, governor of the colony on Albemarle Sound, yields the office to Samuel Stephens, probably after completing a three-year appointment.
1671 - The General Court grants William Drummond's petition for ninety-nine-year leases on twenty-five acres of land in James City County owned by Virginia governor Sir William Berkeley. Drummond leases an additional 200 acres of land there soon after.
1672 - William Drummond contracts to erect a fort at Jamestown during the Third Anglo-Dutch War, but he clashes with Virginia governor Sir William Berkeley over the work and is arrested at least twice for not completing the fort on schedule and for using inferior building materials.
November–December 1676 - After the death of Nathaniel Bacon, William Drummond refuses to surrender and continues to resist the governor's forces.
1677 - An inventory of William Drummond's estate includes thousands of acres of land and three slaves.
- Colonial History (ca. 1560–1763)
Cite This Entry
- APA Citation:
Kimberly, M., & the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. William Drummond (d. 1677). (2013, September 23). In Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved from http://www.EncyclopediaVirginia.org/Drummond_William_d_1677.
- MLA Citation:
Kimberly, Maria and the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. "William Drummond (d. 1677)." Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 23 Sep. 2013. Web. READ_DATE.
First published: May 26, 2010 | Last modified: September 23, 2013
Contributed by Maria Kimberly and the Dictionary of Virginia Biography.