Bucke was born either in 1581 or in 1582, the son of Edmund Bucke and a mother whose name is unknown. He was born in the county of Norfolk, England, and attended a local school. On April 26, 1600, he was admitted at age eighteen as a sizar, or student on scholarship, to Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge University. Bucke was married, possibly to Elizabeth Browne, on July 7, 1607, in Tharston Parish, Norfolk, and had at least one daughter before, on the recommendation of the bishop of London, he was appointed chaplain of the expedition headed by Sir Thomas Gates that departed Plymouth Sound for Virginia on June 2, 1609.
The Sea Venture, on which Bucke and his family traveled, ran afoul of a hurricane late in July. After about five days of tumultuous weather, the vessel wrecked on one of the Bermuda islands. During the nine and a half months that the 150 colonists were stranded on the island, Bucke conducted sermons twice on Sundays, mostly on the subjects of thanksgiving and unity, and performed a marriage, two baptisms, and five funerals. Finally able to build two smaller vessels, the party left the island on May 10, 1610, arrived at Point Comfort on May 21, and landed on May 23 at Jamestown. There Bucke made "a zealous and sorrowfull Prayer, finding all things so contrary to our expectations, so full of misery and misgovernment."
Bucke may have returned to England at least once. It is possible that his wife died
and that he remarried, perhaps to a woman named Bridget. Bucke had three sons and one
daughter born in Virginia between 1611 and 1620. Two of these children won some
notice in their own right. Mara Bucke, the eldest, was the subject of a case heard in
the General Court in 1624.
Following testimony regarding rumors that David Sandys, a minister, planned to steal
The exact date of Richard Bucke's death is unknown. He is not listed among those killed during the Powhatan uprising in March 1622, but the census of January 1624 omitted him and described his four youngest children as living in three different households, which strongly suggests that he was dead by then. On June 21, 1624, the General Court ordered his daughter's guardians to give £100 security to the executors of the minister's estate.
1581 or 1582 - In one of these two years, Richard Bucke is born in the county of Norfolk, England, the son of Edmund Bucke and a mother whose name is unknown.
April 26, 1600 - Richard Bucke is admitted as a sizar, or student on scholarship, to Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge University.
July 7, 1607 - Richard Bucke is married, possibly to Elizabeth Browne, in Tharston Parish, Norfolk, England.
June 2, 1609 - The largest fleet England has ever amassed in the West—nine ships, 600 passengers, and livestock and provisions to last a year—leaves England for Virginia. Led by the flagship Sea Venture, the fleet's mission is to save the failing colony. Sir Thomas Gates heads the expedition.
May 10, 1610 - The party of Virginia colonists headed by Sir Thomas Gates and including the chaplain Richard Bucke leave the Bermuda islands where they had been stranded for nearly a year and sail north to Virginia.
May 21, 1610 - Having been stranded in the Bermuda islands for nearly a year, the party of Virginia colonists headed by Sir Thomas Gates arrives at Point Comfort in the Chesapeake Bay.
May 24, 1610 - The party of Virginia colonists headed by Sir Thomas Gates, , now aboard the Patience and Deliverance, arrives at Jamestown. They find only sixty survivors of a winter famine. Gates decides to abandon the colony for Newfoundland.
1611–1620 - Richard Bucke, a minister at Jamestown, has three sons and one daughter born in Virginia. Their names possibly reflect the hardships Bucke endures: Mara (bitter), Gershon (expulsion), Benoni (sorrow), and Peleg (division).
April 5, 1614 - On or about this day, Pocahontas and John Rolfe marry in a ceremony performed by Richard Bucke and assented to by Sir Thomas Dale and Powhatan, who sends one of her uncles to witness the ceremony. Powhatan also rescinds a standing order to attack the English wherever and whenever possible, ending the First Anglo-Powhatan War.
1616 - Benoni Bucke, son of the Jamestown minister Richard Bucke, is born. Proved incapable of managing his inheritance, he is deemed "the first Ideott found in that plantation."
July 30, 1619 - Richard Bucke opens the initial meeting of the first legislative assembly in Virginia with prayer.
January 1624 - Richard Bucke's name is omitted from the Jamestown census, suggesting his death.
June 21, 1624 - The General Court orders Richard Bucke's daughter's guardians to give £100 security to the executors of the minister's estate.
Cite This Entry
- APA Citation:
Hecht, I. W. D., & the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. Richard Bucke (1581 or 1582–ca. 1624). (2014, November 4). In Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved from http://www.EncyclopediaVirginia.org/Bucke_Richard_1581_or_1582-ca_1624.
- MLA Citation:
Hecht, Irene W. D. and the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. "Richard Bucke (1581 or 1582–ca. 1624)." Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 4 Nov. 2014. Web. READ_DATE.
First published: May 3, 2010 | Last modified: November 4, 2014
Contributed by Irene W. D. Hecht and the Dictionary of Virginia Biography.