Allen Caperton Braxton was born on February 6, 1862, at the home of his grandfather Allen Taylor Caperton in Union in Monroe County, the son of Tomlin Braxton and Mary Caperton Braxton. He grew up at Chericoke, the Braxton family plantation in King William County. Braxton attended nearby Pampatike Academy until he was sixteen, when he left school and went to work, serving as a tutor and holding several jobs on railroads in West Virginia. He also read law, attended one summer course under John B. Minor at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, and eventually used funds supplied by friends to begin a practice in Staunton in the autumn of 1883.
He was chair of the temporary Committee of Privilege and Election, and on June 21 he was appointed chair of the Committee on Corporations and a member of the Committee on Judiciary. In preparation for the convention Braxton read widely on the legal ramifications of the different methods proposed for eliminating African Americans from public life in Virginia, and in support of the suffrage provisions that the convention adopted. Braxton denounced the Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1870)—guaranteeing a citizen's right to vote regardless of race—and advocated the measures that effectively disfranchised most African Americans and about half the previously qualified white voters in Virginia. He voted for the constitution as approved and for the decision to promulgate it without approval by the electorate.
Braxton moved to Richmond in 1904 and there expanded his law practice and became general counsel to the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad. In 1906 he was elected president of the Virginia State Bar Association. In December 1912 Braxton contracted Bright's disease. He spent most of 1913 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, under the care of Mary Patterson Miller, a longtime friend from Staunton whom he married on November 23, 1913. Allen Caperton Braxton died at his home in Staunton on March 22, 1914, and was buried in the family plot at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.
February 6, 1862 - Allen Caperton Braxton is born in Union in Monroe County, Virginia (now West Virginia).
Autumn 1883 - A. Caperton Braxton begins a law practice in Staunton.
1886–1890 - A. Caperton Braxton serves as commonwealth's attorney of Augusta County and city attorney of Staunton.
May 23, 1901 - A. Caperton Braxton easily wins election as one of two delegates to represent Augusta County and Staunton in a state constitutional convention.
1904 - A. Caperton Braxton moves to Richmond and there expands his law practice and becomes general counsel to the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad.
1906 - A. Caperton Braxton is elected president of the Virginia State Bar Association.
December 1912 - A. Caperton Braxton contracts Bright's disease.
November 23, 1913 - A. Caperton Braxton marries Mary Patterson Miller, a longtime friend from Staunton who has cared for him during his extended illness.
March 22, 1914 - A. Caperton Braxton dies at his home in Staunton. He is buried soon after in the family plot at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.
Cite This Entry
- APA Citation:
Holt, W. W., Jr., & the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. A. Caperton Braxton (1862–1914). (2014, May 15). In Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved from http://www.EncyclopediaVirginia.org/Braxton_A_Caperton_1862-1914.
- MLA Citation:
Holt, Wythe W., Jr. and the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. "A. Caperton Braxton (1862–1914)." Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 15 May. 2014. Web. READ_DATE.
First published: April 2, 2009 | Last modified: May 15, 2014
Contributed by Wythe W. Holt Jr. and the Dictionary of Virginia Biography.